Tuesday, April 27, 2004

More on the Saqqara Mummies - over 50 of them

Egyptians had used the network of shafts and corridors over several centuries, starting from the 26th dynasty (664-525 B.C.) and continuing into the Ptolemaic period, which ended with the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC (from the MSN website).

Monday, April 26, 2004

Two 18th Dynasty fortresses discovered in northern Sinai

The Egyptian-American mission operating in Tal al-Borg area in north Sinai discovered remains of two fortresses from the Pharaonic l8th dynasty. This is a very short article from the Egyptian State Information Service.

New Online Exhibition re Ancient Egyptian Cereals

Currently only in French, but shortly to be published in English as well, this site is about Egyptian cereals in general. Different sections look at the basics of cereals in ancient Egypt, bread making (ancient and contemporary), and the use of cereals in different contexts. A fascinating site, even with my abysmal French - I can't wait for the English language version to arrive!

There is also a link on the site to the English language website of the Dokki agricultural museum in Giza, Cairo, which is well worth a visit in its own right: (http://museum.agropolis.fr/pages/expos/egypte/fr/museum_cairo/index.htm).

New Mummies found in Egypt

Egypt said Sunday new mummies in wooden coffins dating back to the 7th Century B.C. have been unearthed at the Giza Pyramids near Cairo.

Sunday, April 25, 2004

Dig days: The Pyramid builders II (Zahi Hawass)

An article by Zahi Hawass in Al Ahram Weekly about the Pyramid Builders' Village at Giza. "The discovery of the tombs of the Pyramid builders has provided us with vital information about the workmen who actually constructed the great Pyramids of Giza and has enabled us to reconstruct the age in which they lived."

Thursday, April 22, 2004

Czech Egyptology - Part I

"The Czech Egyptology has got an interesting history. It is not a well-known fact that the first Czech Egyptologist was the first director of the Egyptian collection in Bologna, Italy in the second half of the 19th century. However, the first real Czech Egyptologist was Professor Frantisek Lexa who was appointed Professor of Egyptology at our university in the 1920s"

Restoring the Ramasseum

The Supreme Council for Antiquities (SCA) is working out a plan t restore the Ramesseum temple on the west bank in Luxor

Tuesday, April 20, 2004

Ancient inscribed slab brought to light - more on the Bubastis stone

http://img.web.de/c/00/47/56/85.420 (image)
It shows a royal decree, written in ancient Greek, Demotic and Hieroglyphs. The inscription consists of 67 lines of Greek text and 24 lines of Demotic along with traces of Hieroglyphs outlining the calendar reform and praising Ptolemy. It mentions King Ptolemy III Euergetes I along with the date 238 BC. There is an interesting reference to the king having imported grain from Syria, Phoenicia and Cyprus to alleviate famine in ancient Egypt and the mention a reform of the ancient Egyptian calendar which was not in fact actually implemented until some 250 years later under Julius Caesar.

Monday, April 19, 2004

U.S. Exhibition: The Quest for Immortality

100 ancient Egyptian objects currently on display at the Milwaukee Public Museum are touring North America - this is the largest selection of Egyptian antiquities ever to travel to North America. The exhibit's climax is a full-scale re-creation of Pharaoh Thutmose III's burial chamber. After Milwaukee, the show travels to the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Sept. 12, 2004-Jan. 23, 2005; Dayton Art Institute, Sept. 1, 2005-Jan. 3, 2006; Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, Tenn., June 11, 2006-Oct. 9, 2006; Portland Museum of Art, Portland, Ore., Nov. 5, 2006-March 4, 2007; The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Sept. 2, 2007- Dec. 31, 2007.

Bilingual inscription found at Tell Basta

A German-Egyptian research team working at Tell Basta, ancient Bubastis, have found a trilingual stone As the name lets assume, it concerns with the Bilinguae a stone, on which the text is fixed in two languages. As with the Rosetta Stone there are two Egyptian writings - the older Hieroglyphisch and later demotic - as well as Greek. It cotains a copy of the Kanopus decree, from the reign of the Ptolemy III in 238BC. This site is in german. There is an image of the stone, but it is a very poor quality photo. I don't read German but I'll post with more information when I find an English report.

African scientists map origin of continent's cattle

The origins of cattle is important to an understanding of the roll out of agriculture in Africa, including Egypt - Fred Wendorf has found that cattle were a crucial component of one of the earliest agricultural communities in Egypt in the south-west Western Desert. Interestingly, no cattle remains were found in the Faiyum which is the home of Egypt's other early agricultural community. "While the Sinai Peninsula, connecting Egypt with the Middle East, traditionally has been seen as the obvious overland route for the coming and going of people and animals, commodities, seeds and cultural ideas, the British researchers are finding more and more proof of communication across the 50 kilometres of the Red Sea that separate Djibouti and Yemen since the beginning of mankind." From Afrol News.

Sunday, April 18, 2004

Ancient Egyptian Love Poems Reveal a Lust for Life

"A group of love poems have been found in an excavated workers' village on the outskirts of the Valley of Kings, where many pharaohs are entombed. The verses allow poetry lovers and Egyptophiles alike to tap into the emotional side of Egyptian daily life". From the National Geographic.

Friday, April 16, 2004

Reopening, restoring Kalabsha Island temples

http://www.uk.sis.gov.eg/online/html11/o150424z1.htmThe temples of Kalabsha Island in Aswan will be opened next month for visitors following a comprehensive restoration that covered the archaeological site. There are rock inscriptions of animals, boats and hunting scenes dating back to the Old Kingdom, two temples of Beit Al- Wali and Garf Hussein from the New Kingdom, the stele of King Ahmos II of the 26th dynasty, Kalabsha temple and Kartas chapel of the Ptolemaic age.

Thursday, April 15, 2004

Inauguration of Tutankhamun Exhibition in Basel

The first Tutankhamun exhibition to be held in Europe for more than two decades opened in the presence of Mrs Suzanne Mubarak. The inauguration of the Tutankhamun exhbition which displays more than 120 objects that once belonged to the legendary Tutankhamun and other royal members of the XVIIIth Dynasty.

Eternally Yours, Online

"A unique website puts the wonders of ancient Egypt in the palm of your hand" A discussion of the CultNat website www.eternalegypt.org, which uses all the bells and whistles of web technology to bring Ancient Egypt to life for web visitors.

Quest still on for many treasures of Egypt

"Egyptologist Ashraf Okasha traveled with "The Quest for Immortality: Treasures of Ancient Egypt" from Cairo to the Milwaukee Public Museum and has stayed in town for several weeks as a representative of the Supreme Council of Antiquities of the Egyptian government. Okasha has worked as an inspector of antiquities at many famous archaeological sites from the Valley of the Kings to the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut. He spoke with Journal Sentinel reporter Jackie Loohauis". From the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

Wednesday, April 14, 2004

Possible Depiction of Anthony and Cleopatra on Roman Vase

http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20040412/cleopatra.html (article)
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20040412/cleopatra_zoom.html (image of the vase)
"The epic romance between Egyptian queen Cleopatra and the Roman general Marc Antony was immortalized on a Roman vase that is now housed at the British Museum, according to an expert in classical art" - a comprehensive article discussing what, if accepted, will be one of only very few representations of the famous couple.

Tuesday, April 13, 2004

Interactive Hierakonpolis

Hierakonpolis is one of Egypt's most important sites, dating from the Predynastic when it became the major power of Upper Egypt. This site details the excavations and has some marvellous photographs of the excavation and artefacts that have been discovered. It has been updated recently.

Sunday, April 11, 2004

Debate over world's artifacts rages on

An article from the St Louis Despatch about the controversy surrounding the repatriation of cultural items removed from their original homelands. One of the key artefacts in this debate is the Nefertiti bust held by the Berlin Museum, which Egypt has been asking to be returned because of the manner of its removal.

Dialogue with Amun

Al-Ahram Weekly article about the past of Siwa Oasis. This is the first issue of a two-parter and puts Siwa into its historical context, from Palaeolithic times until the Muslim invasion in 641AD. There is a small bibliography at the end for those wishing to read further.

Tuesday, April 06, 2004

Pharaoh's glories come to Basel

From the SwissInfo website: "The most important exhibition of ancient Egyptian artefacts to be seen in Europe for over 20 years has opened in Basel. 'Tutankhamun – the Golden Beyond' has over 50 pieces from the tomb of the mysterious boy pharaoh, as well as a further 70 items, many of which have never been seen before outside Egypt".

Computer Technology to provide virtual tour of a mummy

Guardian Unlimited article about examining an Egyptian mummy without
unwrapping it. “The technology allows researchers and visitors to study
the coffin, the wrappings, the skin, bone, teeth and grave goods of

Sunday, April 04, 2004

Frontal Portrait of a Pharaoh

Egyptologists have pieced together fragments of the first known ancient portrait of a pharaoh drawn from the front rather than in profile.

Thursday, April 01, 2004

Early Dynastic Rituals at Abydos - New Evidence

New discoveries at Abydos have uncovered the tomb of the first king of the First Dynasty, whose name was Aha. The surrounding burials, containg both human and animal remains, have suggested to some that when the king died, others were sacrificed to serve him in the afterlife.