Saturday, September 30, 2006
Another shorter article on the same subject can be found at:
Hawas won the Prize over commenting at the background of a documentary film on Pharaoh King Tutankhamen and the Valley of Kings and expounding the old Egyptian civilization. Also, the film's director won the same prize on the movie which was produced by the CBS channel in 2005.
The award is a golden statue of a winged woman holding ball with Hawas's names written at the bottom.
Hawas is the first Egyptian to win such a prize and it is the first time that the winner of such award was not working in the media domain."
"The biggest annoyance in the game was the bugs. I was 8 hours into the game and I was playing one of the Mummy's stages, and I was suppose to walk past a Watching Eye and enter the door behind it. What confused me was there was 2 doors to walk through! There was one with one Watching Eye, and another with four Watching Eyes. I couldn't get past the one watching Eye since it had cages near it and I wasn't fast enough with the Invisible stone."
Radox history of Beauty
Summary of a Radox-sponsored history of beauty: "Ruins from the Egyptian city of Tel-el-Amarna reveal an early form of shower, a series of aquaducts, to provide the rich with water for showering – although they would need a team of servants to pour the water over them."
Great pyramids were water works
Don't shoot the messenger:
"The great pyramids at Giza were used as waterworks for pumping water from the Nile to the vast fields, while the Cheops (Khufu) pyramid was the largest waterworks of ancient Egypt. In short, that is the essence of a theory put forth by Mikhail Volgin, an engineer from Kiev, Ukraine. Volgin believes he has unraveled the mystery of the pyramids that dates back to 26th century B.C. Well, the Kiev engineer is not the first one to generate similar theories…
Scientists and researchers produced lots of theories in an attempt to learn the purpose of the pyramids. Some theories claimed the pyramids were used as a tomb for the rulers of ancient Egypt. Others maintained the gigantic structures were used as observatories or equipment for marking water levels during the flooding of the Nile. According to a number of other theories, the pyramids were built for landing alien spaceships, storing grain, and damping vibrations in the earth’s crust during earthquakes. Using the pyramids as waterworks is a novelty of sorts."
See the above page for the full story, complete with Volgin's arguments in favour of his suggestions.
Friday, September 29, 2006
The desert art, which was pecked or sometimes incised into large rock faces, depicted elephants, ostriches, giraffes, and many hunting scenes. But perhaps strangest of all was the abundance of boats depicted in the art. After all, this area was far from any body of water, says Brewer, a University of Illinois professor of archaeology and director of the Spurlock Museum in Urbana.
According to Brewer, this find may have raised more questions than it answered. . . . Brewer says the desert people of ancient Egypt lived in the shadow of the great culture that developed in the famed Nile Valley. . . . Even today many people do not believe a complex culture existed in the eastern desert of ancient Egypt. But evidence of rock art could shatter this image, especially if the art depicts domesticated animals and crops—as was the case with the rock art discovered by the Illinois team."
The museum is named for Egyptologist William Flinders Petrie (1853-1942), whose excavations provided a wealth of objects from daily life such as pottery, lamps, and jewelry ranging from prehistoric times to the Islamic period. The $53 million project is good news to the archaeologists who now flock to the Petrie's cramped quarters to do research."
The Petrie also has an innovative teaching and learning resource called Digital Egypt at:
Thursday, September 28, 2006
Wednesday, September 27, 2006
Dr Khalifa said that assistant under-secretary for culture and heritage Shaikha May bint Mohammed Al Khalifa will visit Egypt to be briefed on the conditions of hosting such an exhibition."
Please see the following update and request for feedback re the excellent Abzu service, from Chuck Jones. Abzu is an excellent resource for Near Eastern (and Egyptian) documents, with authors like Sir William Flinders Petrie and Guy Brunton well represented.
You can still find material newly added to Abzu by following "View items recently added to ABZU" link at: http://www.etana.org/abzu/. Entries stay there for a month from the date they are entered.
I have added 1392 items to Abzu in the past year and 516 addresses are subscribed to ETANA-Abzu-News as of September 26, 2006
If you wish to use RSS feeds to gather information which may aid your research you might consult:
http://www.faganfinder.com/search/rss.shtml (among other places) for assistance in choosing an aggregator.
I would appreciate feedback on the usefulness of these resources, and please feel free to repost
this message wherever it may be useful.
ETANA-Abzu-news mailing list - ETANA-Abzufirstname.lastname@example.org
Tuesday, September 26, 2006
UNRAVELING THE MYSTERIES OF KV63 (KMT Exclusive by Earl Ertman, Roxanne Wilson & Otto Schaden - Challenging Clearence of the Newest Tomb in the Valley of the Kings)
TRACES OF EGYPT AT HADRIAN'S VILLA (by Lucy Gordon-Rastelli - A New Exhibition at Tivoli in Italy)
BERLIN'S ÄGYPTISCHES MUSEUMUND PAPYRUSSAMLUNG (by Aidan Dodson & Diane Hilton - The Past, Present & Future of Germany'sPremier Egyptian Collection)
IBSEN & EGYPT (Norway's Greatest Playwright & PoetTravels the Nile in 1869 - by Donald P. Ryan & Claudia Berguson)
Monday, September 25, 2006
'He's often called the father of scientific archaeology, having invented techniques that are still used today.' Petrie came from a long line of inventors and explorers, said Lacovara, who curated the exhibit along with Betsy Teasley Trope. 'As a boy, he collected Roman coins he'd find in the fields. As a family outing, they did a survey of Stonehenge - they mapped and recorded it.'
In the 1880s, when he was in his late 20s, Petrie decided to go to Egypt and measure the Great Pyramid at Giza. "
Sunday, September 24, 2006
Don't forget that you can see up to the moment images of the pyramids on the PyramidCam Live website at:
Saturday, September 23, 2006
And it was the university’s plain-speaking professor of archaeology, Antonio Tejera Gaspar who grabbed the headlines when he took the opportunity to once again call into question the origins of the pyramids at Güímar.And though he discounted any direct linkage between the aboriginal inhabitants of the Canary Islands and the ancient Egyptians, a theory based on their love of mummifying their dead and which has gained ground in recent years, the professor admitted that an indirect relationship was possible. . . . The Congress was attended by some 120 Spanish Egyptologists and Egyptologists from Spanish-speaking countries."
There's a report about one of the more contraversial lectures, ¿Cómo eran los egipcios en la cama? in Spanish at:
International Association of Egyptologists: Xth International Congress of Egyptologists
- The first announcement went out in September 2006
- Deadline for the pre-registration: July 1, 2007
- Deadline for the submission of abstracts: September 1, 2007
- Deadline for the late registration: January 1, 2008
- Final announcement with complete programme and participants list: February 2008.
- Congress date: May 22-29, 2008
- Venue: Rodos Palace Hotel & Convention Center, Rhodes
Additional information will be available as from October 2006 at the following address: http://www.rhodes.aegean.gr/10ICE
Friday, September 22, 2006
The papyrus has broken into more than 160 very small fragments, many of which have been lost. When it was discovered in the Theban necropolis by the Italian traveller Bernardino Drovetti in 1822 it was largely intact, but by the time it had been added to the collection in the Turin museum, its condition had severely deteriorated.
The importance of this papyrus was first recognised by the French Egyptologist Jean-François Champollion. The papyrus, now estimated at 1.7m long and 0.41m high, was written during the long reign of Ramses II and comprises on the recto an unknown number of pages that carry a list of names of persons and institutions, along with what appears to be the tax-assessment of each.
It is, however, the verso of the papyrus that has attracted the most attention, as it contains a list of gods, demi-gods, spirits, mythical and human kings who ruled Egypt from the beginning of time presumably until the composition of this valuable document."
The Eternal Egypt website (in Egyptian, French and Arabic) can be found at:
The CULTNAT website can be found at:
The Turin Egyptian Museum (in Italian and English) can be found at:
Thursday, September 21, 2006
"Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif approved Tuesday19/9/2006 holding two exhibitions in Washington, D.C., and Los Angeles, the United States, to display Coptic artifacts of Saint Catherine Monastery.
Culture Minister Farouk Hosni said the first exhibition, which will be held in Los Angeles under the title Icons from Sinai...Sacred Pictures from the Holy Land, will run from October 1 to March 4.
He said the second fair, which will be held in Washington, D.C., under the same title, will run from November 1 to April 4.
Dr Zahi Hawwas, Secretary General of the Supreme Council for Antiquities, said that artifacts include a mosaic of Virgin Marry while carrying baby Jesus Christ, a silver candlestick, a bronze cross in addition to rare manuscripts.
Dr Wafa el-Sidiq, director of the Egyptian Museum, said that insurance premiums for the two exhibitions stood at US$410 million and US$22 million respectively. "
Wednesday, September 20, 2006
The exhibition will be running from 5th November 2006 to 4th March 2007.
Tuesday, September 19, 2006
Monday, September 18, 2006
Sunday, September 17, 2006
The mummy was bought in Egypt in 1820 by Thomas Coates from Haydon Bridge, in Northumberland, who gave her to the Literary and Philosophical Society in Newcastle.
The mummy, inside her linen and plaster inner coffin, or cartonnage, was given a Computerised Tomography (CT) scan at Newcastle General Hospital. It revealed that she has a full set of teeth, including her wisdom teeth.
Gill Scott, Egyptologist at the Hancock Museum, said that this meant she was probably aged between 21 and mid to late-30s when she died. This age range is backed by the fact that there appears to be no signs of arthritis or disease in her bones. She was also around 5ft in height."
N.B. - this is still something of a work in progress, with one or two of key references lacking either their date or title - these missing bits will be updated shortly. Anyone who has any references to add (or have an inclination to complete some of my gaps), please do email me - additions will be most welcome.
Egypt is generally described in the general context of north east Africa, and it is quite clear that climatic and environmental conditions were not straightforwardly homogenous throughout the region. As you will see if you look at the list, the references are not exclusively for the Eastern Sahara - some are for the western zones, and some refer to sub-Saharan regions. Still others refer to global climate change projects. I haven't had time to sort the list into geographical areas, but most of the titles are clear enough.
I will update the page with a new date every time I add new references, so that it is clear when new references have been added, or existing gaps completed.
Saturday, September 16, 2006
The mummified remains of Bakt Hor Nekht, encased in a linen and plaster inner coffin, were bought at a local market and brought to Britain in 1820. Now a full Computerised Tomography (CT) scan at Newcastle General Hospital is yielding a wealth of information.
Bakt Hor Nekht was 5ft tall and had a full set of teeth, including wisdom teeth, and no signs of arthritis or bone disease, which suggests she was between 21 and 35 when she died. A substance found on her teeth may have been painted on as a cosmetic exercise after her face was damaged during embalming."
CULTNAT, an affiliate of Bibliotheca Alexandrina, and Egyptian Museum in Turin signed Thursday a cooperation agreement to that effect, Eglal Bahgat said in statements.
Under the agreement, Egypt will be posting a collection of antiquities, on display at the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Eternal Egypt website, Bahgat said.
Several antiquities of tomb No.8, which was discovered in Luxor back in 1906, will be shown, the CULTNAT official added.
The tomb was found intact with all its funereal contents, Bahgat said. This and so much more is awaiting Egyptomaniacs visiting website, she promised. Eternal Egypt has won several international honor prizes in the past few years, the latest was for its electronic content."
"The Flint Institute of Arts reopens Sept. 30 with a new 10,000 square-foot wing, an Egyptian exhibit and a massive fresco covering one long wall." The museum is celebrating its reopening with a temporary exhibition September 30th 2006 to Jananuary 7th 2007: Excavating Egypt: Great Discoveries From the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, University College London.
Details of the Flint can be found at:
News that an Egyptology-based game to be launched shortly in North America: "North Americans will soon get their first look at Ankh, the 3D comic adventure first released throughout Europe earlier this year, as publisher Viva Media announced that the game has shipped to retailers. Although taking place in the familiar setting of ancient Egypt, the game is anything but the usual dry, dusty interpretation of such a fascinating time and culture. Instead, the game is a bright, humourous romp in and around Cairo, filled with bizarre characters and wacky obstacles."
A 2-page review of the game can be found on the same site at:
(some of the graphics are shown on the second page)
The official website for the game, for which you will need an up to date version of the Flash plug-in, is at:
Friday, September 15, 2006
Visit the web site at the above address for details of how to access the electronic version and the cost.
All future issues of the magazine will be available this way and it is the intention, over a period of time, to make all the back issues available too as pdf files too.
This will, hopefully, be of special interest to those abroad (outside the UK) who may in the past have experienced difficulties in obtaining the magazine or to those who are not happy to pay the high postal charges to overseas addresses.
"A two-thousand year old artifact hits the examination table at Bridgeport's Barnum Museum. An endoscopic camera and x-ray machine will help scientists get a rare look into the past of an Egyptian mummy. Word has it the mummy was once an Egyptian priest whose name was Pa-Ib (pie - eeeb), and now scientists from Quinnipiac University want to know more about this relic."
"If the mummy is stable enough to be moved, the archaeological team hopes to take a CT scan at a local doctor's office. That would give them a more detailed photograph than they were able to secure on site Thursday. The first film revealed Pa-Ib's got bad teeth . . . . the research would eventually reveal whether Pa-Ib had a life of labor or leisure, old fractures and the gender, Becker said. Kathy Maher, the museum's executive director, is eager for a translation of the hieroglyphics on Pa-Ib's sarcophagus."
See the above page for more details.
Thursday, September 14, 2006
All the best
According to Bower, the Scottish people were not an amalgam of Picts, Scots and other European peoples, but were in fact Egyptians, who could trace their ancestry directly back to a pharaoh's daughter and her husband, a Greek king. A replica of an Egyptian mask similar to that found with Tutankhamen. The queen's name was Scota – from where comes the name Scotland. The Greek king was Gaythelos – hence Gaelic, and their son was known as Hiber – which gives us Hibernia. . . . . Few historians have taken the story to be anything more than a verbose bit of Middle Ages origin story-spinning, created by a nation who needed to prove that they were of ancient stock. . . . But now a new book, Scota, Egyptian Queen of the Scots, by Ralph Ellis, claims to prove that this origin myth was no made-up story but the actual recording of an Egyptian exodus that did indeed conclude in Scotland."
ABC News photo page of some of the KV63 photographs.
Wednesday, September 13, 2006
I began by creating a hub to unite all owners of Yahoo Egyptian groups
The idea is to bring all their members together in a search of high resolution pictures of ancient Egyptians. The pictures to be stored in a public domain photo album. Say some one contributes or finds an image of the burst of Tut that is 45kb. Later another guy finds an image of the same burst that is 200kb. The higher resolution of the image replaces the old one. As the images are added to the public domain album, the group owners or any of their members can link to the high resolution photos of high quality.
This is not another discussion group. Any one who joins should use the no mail option and the only thing they would post to the group is pictures or links to good quality pictures."
See the above pages for full details. The project has only just been launched and it is as yet unclear how it will be organized.
Tuesday, September 12, 2006
The Valley of the Kings (Wadi Biban el Mouluk) on the West Bank of the Nile in Luxor, in the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a World Heritage site whose archaeological fame and economic importance as a tourist destination are internationally recognized. The result of its popularity has been a massive increase in visitor numbers over the last decade, now often exceeding 7,000 visitors every day. This number is guaranteed to increase in future years. Without carefully prepared site management plans, the very existence of this fragile resource could be seriously threatened.In the spring of 2004, the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) commissioned the Theban Mapping Project to prepare a site management masterplan for the Valley. This project was generously supported by the World Monuments Fund (WMF), and the American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE), and several private donors.
This ‘final draft for public consulation’ is now available for you to download and we would very much like to have your feedback regarding our proposal for the future of this very important site."
The find was made during the survey that located KV63, which this year yielded coffins empty of mummies, but containing embalmers’ gear. The latest issue of the Egyptological journal KMT illustrates many of the the KV63 finds, including the naturalistic faces painted on the coffins and the feather-stuffed “pillows” found crammed into one of them."
The 3000 year old mummy, dating from 1070–712 BC, was examined during a recent Computerised Tomography (CT) scan at Newcastle General Hospital on Thursday August 31.
X-rays were beamed through the mummy at regular intervals while moving 360 degrees to create a remarkably precise three-dimensional image.
This non-invasive technique has allowed experts to zoom in on areas of interest and break down the images for analysis. The spectacular results promise to yield new information that could reveal who she was, how old she was when she died and provide insights into the mummification process revealing the objects she was mummified with."
Monday, September 11, 2006
Sunday, September 10, 2006
Before the freshly painted walls could be put in place, several massive statues had to be rigged and set on their pedestals. Moving the bigger pieces took an entire day, a forklift extension, special equipment and 11 people, including a specially trained rigger from Chicago. Protecting the workers and artwork meant carefully coordinating everyone’s movements during rigging and moving the giant objects, Sanchez said. To move the 6,000-pound granite lion, the exhibit’s heaviest object, the team used a double gantry, a kind of A-frame, with four chains dangling from it. The chains were hooked to straps that went under the lion, which was covered for the move, so it could be raised and then lowered onto its pedestal. Each chain used could hold 6,000 pounds on its own.
Details of the exhibition, including details of related events and future U.S. venues, can be found at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art website at:
Saturday, September 09, 2006
Magdalena Rościszewska from the Museum’s Promotions Department informs that artefacts borrowed from the National Museum in Khartoum will also be exhibited. Artefacts, which have not been presented or conserved in the National Museum laboratories will also be shown to the public. Pottery and architectural decorations, epitaphs with Coptic and Greek inscriptions as well as small household utensils will be presented. The exhibition will include photos taken by Polish archaeologists in Sudan, printed on boards."
Friday, September 08, 2006
Today most archaeologists record writing and other architectural details using pencils, pens, and paper, 'tools that are really quite ancient,'Revez said.
In his vision of the future, epigraphists—archaeologists who study inscriptions—will rely instead on digital cameras, specialized computer software, and their dexterity with a mouse. The new techniques will enable scientists to study ancient writing in unprecedented detail—and possibly preserve monuments that are being steadily eroded by the sands of time."
Thursday, September 07, 2006
The early civilisations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, South Asia, China and northern South America were founded between 6000 and 4000 years ago when global climate changes, driven by natural fluctuations in the Earth's orbit, caused a weakening of monsoon systems resulting in increasingly arid conditions. These first large urban, state-level societies emerged because diminishing resources forced previously transient people into close proximity in areas where water, pasture and productive land was still available.
In a presentation to the BA Festival of Science on September 7, Dr. Nick Brooks will challenge existing views of how and why civilisation arose. He will argue that the earliest civilisations developed largely as a by-product of adaptation to climate change and were the products of hostile environments."
Wednesday, September 06, 2006
"Discovered in 1912 at Tel-El-Amarna in what used to be the workshop of the sculptor Thutmose, the bust – depicting a woman with a long neck, elegantly arched brows, high cheekbones, a slender nose and an enigmatic smile played about red lips, has become the international symbol of beauty.
However, a new examination of the famous bust has revealed visible wrinkles running down her slender neck, and puffy bags circling, leading experts to now believe that Nefertiti was an aging beauty.
Dietrich Wildung, director of Berlin's Egyptian museum, who is part of the investigation, revealed that signs of aging had been discovered when he considered using a different kind of lighting to display the bust at Berlin’s Altes Museum."
Tuesday, September 05, 2006
The show of 500 finds by French marine archaeologist Franck Goddio ended Monday and will next be on display at the Grand Palais in Paris from December 9 till next March.
The tally of 450,000 visitors was the best ever at the Gropius Building, a former German museum used for temporary exhibitions."
But the plant is not only good for eating, it has played a crucial part in some ancient cultures and also has some medicinal properties. The blue water lily also called the Egyptian lotus, blue lotus or Sacred Lily of the Nile, featured prominently in the art of mythologies of the Chinese, Minoan, Indians and Moyan cultures."
Saturday, September 02, 2006
The building is an architectural marvel combining Roman and Mediterranean styles, with white stone walls accented by smooth pillars and wood-latticed windows overlooking a terrace blooming with flowers and palm trees. Inside, you find heavenly high ceilings of ornately carved dark wood, providing a canopy over marble floors twinkling with mashrabeyya-filtered sunbeams.
The two-story museum is well organized, with exhibits arranged chronologically throughout 14 halls embracing an inner courtyard."
http://www.egypttoday.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=6916 An overview of upcoming projects for the SCA:
“SCA chief Dr. Zahi Hawass lays out his plans for the rest of the year and offers some intriguing hints on what may be the mummy of Queen Hatshepsut. Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), is a man who needs little rest. In July and August, anyone with the means fled the nation’s capital to escape the summer heat, but Hawass continued his daily regime of excavation, reclamation and restoration of Egypt’s ancient treasures — and he has planned an exciting last few months of 2006 to cap it all off.”
See the above page for details of the upcoming plans, including the mummy-cataloging project (including the possibility of DNA testing), the future display of mummies in the Fustat museum, plans to excavate a shaft in the tomb of Seti I in the Valley of the Kings, and a plan to secure a loan of the Nefertiti bust from Berlin.
Easily the most publicized of his efforts to preserve Egypt’s past was last month’s move of the 11-meter-tall statue of Ramses II from Downtown to the site of the new Grand Egyptian Museum being built near the Pyramids.
Hawass wishes people had protested when the statue was first placed Downtown, but can understand why many didn’t. “If you look at a picture of the square at that time, it was beautiful: clean, not much traffic. Now, it’s filthy and crowded, you have bridges above it, busy train stations, popular mosques and worst — the Metro underneath it."