On 13 June last year, Sudanese security forces opened fire on a demonstration against the plans. The facts about the incident are hard to obtain because journalists have been prevented from reporting it. But according to eyewitnesses, several thousand largely Nubian protesters set out to march towards the dam company's administrative HQ, and found themselves blocked by soldiers at a narrow ravine.
Video footage shot by a local cameraman shows tear gas being fired and the crowd running through groves of date palm trees towards the
Nile. Without warning, local people say the soldiers fired live rounds straight into the crowd. There was panic. By the end of the day, four people had been killed, and more than 20 seriously wounded. And the local Nubian opposition to 's hydroelectric scheme had hardened into active political resistance. "In the name of God, we will not keep quiet, even for a moment," said Osman Ibrahim, a local leader of the campaign, who witnessed the events. "We will resist and resist until the last drop of blood in our veins." Khartoum
Kajbar is about 300 miles north of
Khartoumin the heart of , the ancient black African kingdom which at times rivalled the pharoahs for wealth and influence. The Kajbar dam is just one of up to four planned on the stretch of the Nile north of Nubia Khartoum, which will become the hub of 's power supply. Sudan
Wednesday, April 30, 2008
Visitors can step back in time at the newly opened
(http://slurl.com/secondlife/NEW%20YORK%20HARBOR/40/88/22 ). Templeof Amun
Tours are being offered every Saturday at 7 a.m. SLT by the Museum Director and real life Egyptologist, Jachmes Masala. The tour takes approximately 1 ½ hours and is packed with information.
A local god of
Thebes, Amun rose to prominence during Egypt’s New Kingdom(1539 – 1295 BC). The temple complex at Karnak, located just north of present day Luxor, Egypt, underwent expansion and modification during the reign of Kings Amenophis III (1390-1352 BC) and Ramses II (1279-1213 BC). In the Roman period, the temple was used as a military garrison. The in SL recreates the temple as it might have been during the time of Ramses II. Templeof Amun
Statues of Ramses II stand guard over the entrance gate. A mural shows the battle of Qadesh, where Ramses II fought the Hittites. It is believed that this was the largest chariot battle fought, with over 5,000 chariots in use to support the foot solders.
Prof. Emer. Jan Assmann (Heidelberg)
Title: The "structure" of ancient Egyptian religion [Abstract]
Prof. Manfred Bietak (Vienna)
Title: The nature of the relationship between Egypt and the Minoan World in the Tuthmoside Period [ABSTRACT]
Prof. Christopher J. Eyre (Liverpool)
Title: Economy and society in Pharaonic Egypt [ABSTRACT]
Mr. Sabry Abdel Aziz (Supreme Council of Antiquities, Egypt; on behalf of Prof. Z. Hawass)
Title: Recent discoveries in Egypt [ABSTRACT]
Prof. Richard Jasnow (Johns Hopkins)
Title: From Alexandria to Rakotis: progress, prospects, and problems in the study of Greco-Egyptian literary interaction [ABSTRACT]
Prof. Emer. Geoffrey T. Martin (Cambridge)
Title: Re-excavating KV 57 (Horemheb) in the Valley of the Kings [ABSTRACT]
Sergio Daris, Dizionario dei nomi geografici e topografici dell' Egitto greco-romano. Supplemento 4 (2002-2005). Biblioteca degli "Studi di Egittologia e di Papirologia" - 5. Pisa-Roma: Fabrizio Serra, 2007.
En 1935, Aristide Calderini lance la publication d'un dictionnaire des noms géographiques et topographiques de l'Egypte gréco-romaine. Deux fascicules paraissent sous son seul nom: Volume I. Parte 1: "A - Halikarnasseus" (Le Caire, Società reale di geografia d'Egitto, 1935) et Volume I. Parte 2: "Halikarnassos - Aolph[" (Madrid, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1966). Après le décès de Calderini, Sergio Daris s'attelle à la tâche et mène l'entreprise à son terme: de 1973 à 1987, il édite quatre volumes (II-V) en treize fascicules (
, Cisalpina-Goliardica). Mais il n'en reste pas là. Dès 1988, il publie un volume de suppléments qui couvre les années 1935-1986 ( Milan , Cisalpino-Goliardica). Deux autres volumes de suppléments relatifs aux années 1987-1993 et 1994-2001 suivent (Bonn, Habelt, 1996 et Pise, Giardini, 2003). Tous ces ouvrages portent les noms d'Aristide Calderini et de Sergio Daris. Pour le quatrième volume de suppléments, le nom d'Aristide Calderini disparaît. Il ne s'agit en aucun cas d'une usurpation, mais d'une démarche amplement justifiée. En effet, plus les années passaient, moins l'influence de l'héritage de Calderini se faisait sentir: Sergio Daris portait seul la responsabilité de ce véritable travail de bénédictin. Milan
Le quatrième volume de suppléments est le fruit du dépouillement des publications sorties des presses entre 2002 et 2005. Comme pour les volumes précédents, l'auteur ne s'interdit toutefois pas d'introduire des corrections ou des informations complémentaires glanées dans des publications antérieures et, de temps à autre, postérieures (cf. Narmouthis, Bibl.: Eg. Arch. 28, 2006). Parfois, les modifications apportées sont telles qu'elles ont demandé la réécriture totale ou partielle de l'article concerné.
Generally, MSc or PhD theses are read by few people. Sometimes a researcher in another country want to refer your thesis, but due to unavailability of the same, he/she can not read it. Here, I am trying to solve this issue by putting forward a blog exclusively for theses and other research publications.
You can re-publish abstract of your research papers, conference proceedings, or even full text of your thesis for better visibility, easy and FREE access for everybody at http://www.ScienceNewsDirect.com. If you want, I can set up an account for you so that you will be able to upload your publications.
Tuesday, April 29, 2008
One of the tasks of the historian is to elucidate change in past societies. Indeed, unless he or she is concerned with a temporally quite narrow slice of the past, consideration of change lies at the very heart of the historian's work. But, of course, change occurs (or better, may be observed) at different rates in various areas of any particular culture--in political leadership, ideological structures, economics, technologies, etc.
The task set by the organizers of the conference whose presentations form the basis of the volume here under review was to examine the continuities that might persist across political upheavals in states of the
Old World. Convened in in September 2004, the meeting was originally entitled "Steady States," but perhaps in light of the currency that the phrase "regime change" has achieved in the recent rhetorical armory of American foreign policy, it is these words that are featured in the book's ultimate title. London
Contemporary concerns undoubtedly also led to the inclusion as an afterword of an essay not presented on the
Londonprogram, Peter Sluglett's overview of regime change in . Of the pieces from the original roster, six deal with ancient Mesopotamia, four with pharaonic Iraq Egypt, and one each with early Islamic Iran and . Egypt
A blog charting the work that is going into a traveling exhibition called Lost Egypt: Ancient Secrets, Modern Science.
We’re continuing to film interviews for the Lost Egypt exhibition. Two weeks ago we met with Dr. Tosha Dupras at WOSU@COSI.
Tosha is one of our project advisors, and has been with us since the beginning of Lost Egypt. She’s an associate professor of anthropology at the
, and she teaches human osteology (the study of human bones), and forensic anthropology. She works at a couple of different sites in Universityof Central Florida : the Dakhleh Oasis Project, and more recently, Dayr al-Barsha. We had a great time interviewing her – it was fascinating to hear her talk about forensics and the bones she uncovers. She left for Egypt last week for another field season. Egypt
A slow news day so this is a more than a little off-topic but if you're interested in the Sahara it may be of interest.
Rapid population growth has put enormous pressure on agricultural systems that have been pushed towards unsustainable farming practices in order to cope with demand. In China livestock numbers have nearly doubled in the last 30 years, from around 200 million in the early 1970's, to 427 million in 2002.
As a result huge amount of marginal land has been taken in as pasture, overgrazed to the point of exhaustion, and now farmers are being forced to watch the topsoil literally blow away on the spring winds.
In Africa demand for water has shrunk Lake Chad by 95 percent since the 1960s, leaving only sand and scrub.
In Kazakhstan desertification has meant that nearly 50 percent of cropland has been abandoned since 1980.
The Sahara is advancing into Ghana and Nigeria at the rate of 3,510 square kilometers per year.
In Iran, fierce sandstorms are believed to have buried more than 100 villages in 2002.
But this is only expected to get worse. Across the world climate change is set to exacerbate problems where poor land use and population pressure is already putting an immense strain on finely balanced ecologies.
Monday, April 28, 2008
In Book 1, there are the exotic Massagetae, who were apparently strangers to the use, and abuse, of wine. (The Persians—like Odysseus with the Cyclops—get them drunk and then trounce them.) In Book 2 come the Egyptians, with their architectural immensities, their crocodiles, and their mummified pets, a nation whose curiosities are so numerous that the entire book is devoted to its history, culture, and monuments. In Book 3, the Persians come up against the Ethiopians, who (Herodotus has heard) are the tallest and most beautiful of all peoples. In Book 4, we get the mysterious, nomadic Scythians, who cannily use their lack of “civilization” to confound their would-be overlords: every time the Persians set up a fortified encampment, the Scythians simply pack up their portable dwellings and leave.
By the time of Darius’ reign,
Persiahad become something that had never been seen before: a multinational empire covering most of the known world, from Indiain the east to the Aegean Sea in the west and in the south. The real hero of Herodotus’ Histories, as grandiose, as admirable yet doomed, as any character you get in Greek tragedy, is Egypt itself. Persia
What gives this tale its unforgettable tone and character—what makes the narrative even more leisurely than the subject warrants—are those infamous, looping digressions: the endless asides, ranging in length from one line to an entire book (Egypt), about the flora and fauna, the lands and the customs and cultures, of the various peoples the Persian state tried to absorb. And within these digressions there are further digressions, an infinite regress of fascinating tidbits whose apparent value for “history” may be negligible but whose power to fascinate and charm is as strong today as it so clearly was for the author, whose narrative modus operandi often seems suspiciously like free association.
A Predominantly Neolithic Origin for Y-Chromosomal DNA Variation in
Barbara Arredi, Estella S. Poloni, Silvia Paracchini, Tatiana Zerjal, Dahmani M. Fathallah, Mohamed Makrelouf, Vincenzo L. Pascali, Andrea Novelletto, and Chris Tyler-Smith.
We have typed 275 men from five populations in
Algeria, Tunisia, and with a set of 119 binary markers and 15 microsatellites from the Y chromosome, and we have analyzed the results together with published data from Moroccan populations. North African Y-chromosomal diversity is geographically structured and fits the pattern expected under an isolation-by-distance model. Autocorrelation analyses reveal an east-west cline of genetic variation that extends into the Egypt Middle Eastand is compatible with a hypothesis of demic expansion. This expansion must have involved relatively small numbers of Y chromosomes to account for the reduction in gene diversity towards the West that accompanied the frequency increase of Y haplogroup E3b2, but gene flow must have been maintained to explain the observed pattern of isolation-by-distance. Since the estimates of the times to the most recent common ancestor (TMRCAs) of the most common haplogroups are quite recent, we suggest that the North African pattern of Y-chromosomal variation is largely of Neolithic origin. Thus, we propose that the Neolithic transition in this part of the world was accompanied by demic diffusion of Afro-Asiatic–speaking pastoralists from the Middle East.
hopes to boost its tourism earnings by 26 percent to 12 billion dollars by 2011, the official MENA agency reported on Saturday. Egypt
According to a plan launched by Tourism Minister Zuheir Garana,
hopes to welcome some 14 million tourists in 2011, requiring a capacity of 240,000 hotel rooms, compared with 11 million in 2007, MENA reported. Egypt
The minister said
wants to attract private investors to fund the ambitious plan which also includes developing eco-tourism and medical tourism, limiting the government's role to supervision and planning. Egypt
Ecotourism and medical tourism are very interesting offshoots of the tourism industry. These and other off-shoots were the focus of a special issue of the magazine Third World Resurgence which, if you are interested, I have summarized and provided links to on another blog. I've checked and the articles are still available in MS Word format on the TWN website.
Egypthas become the top tourist destination among Middle East and North Africacountries and is the world's 24th most attractive tourist destination, according to a report by Minister of Tourism Zuhir Garana.
The report, which was forwarded to Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif, said that the Ministry of Tourism has drawn up an ambitious plan to increase tourist revenues to 12 billion Egyptian pounds by 2011, attract up to 14 million tourists and create some 1.2 million job opportunities.
The report said that tourist revenues constitute 11.3 percent of
Egypt's GDP, 40 percent of Egypt's non-commodity exports and 19.3 percent of 's earnings of foreign currency. Egypt
The new strategy is based on increasing
's tourist potentials, honing its competitive edge, taping new markets and diversifying tourist destinations in addition to luring tourists to unconventional markets and improving services. Egypt
It showed that
Egyptattracts 23 percent of tourists coming to the Middle Eastregion, 1.2 percent of the size of international tourism, one percent of international tourist revenues.
In 2007, 11 million tourists visited
Egypt, spending a total of 112 tourist nights and bringing to 9.5 billion dollars in earnings, the report said. Egypt
2) TT39 - Jane Akshar posted an item a couple of weeks ago on her Luxor News Blog about talking to a member of the TT39 team who said that TT39 (Puimre) would shortly have its own website. Delays to website projects are fairly run of the mill, but it should be up any day now if the original estimates were correct. I've had a hunt around the Web but found nothing that looks as though it belongs to the Mexican mission. If you learn that the website has come to life please let me know and I'll post the address and let Jane know too, if she doesn't find the info first.
Sunday, April 27, 2008
's most famous monuments, such as the Sphinx and Cheops, contain hundreds of thousands of marine fossils, most of which are fully intact and preserved in the walls of the structures, according to a new study. Egypt
The study's authors suggest that the stones that make up the examined monuments at Giza plateau, Fayum and Abydos must have been carved out of natural stone since they reveal what chunks of the sea floor must have looked like over 4,000 years ago, when the buildings were erected.
"The observed random emplacement and strictly homogenous distribution of the fossil shells within the whole rock is in harmony with their initial in situ setting in a fluidal sea bottom environment," wrote Ioannis Liritzis and his colleagues from the University of the Aegean and the
. Universityof Athens
The researchers analyzed the mineralogy, as well as the chemical makeup and structure, of small material samples chiseled from the
Sphinx Temple, the Osirion Shaft, the Valley Temple, Cheops, Khefren, Osirion at Abydos, the Templeof SetiI at and Qasr el-Sagha at Fayum. Abydos
Professor Richard Wilkinson
Wilkinson, a professor in the departments of classics and Near Eastern Studies, is internationally renowned for his eight popular books on Egyptology, which have been translated into 19 languages.
He also is famous for his leadership of the UA Egyptian Expedition and his excavations in the Valley of the Kings, most notably of the mortuary temple of the 12th century B.C.E. Queen Tausert, one of the few Egyptian queens who ruled
as pharaoh. Egypt
Wilkinson's numerous grants from institutions such as the Amarna Foundation, the American Research Center in Egypt and the Petty Foundation, along with his hugely successful books on Egypt, his 33 trend-setting articles and his consultancy to the Supreme Council of Antiquities of Egypt, have made him one of the 30 most important Egyptologists in the history of his field, according to a recent online survey.
The patient, a woman, was clearly in distress, with persistent sores and pain so fierce it cut like a knife.
Dr. W. Benson Harer Jr., of
, recognized the symptoms as "a very good indication of genital herpes." And he would have helped, barring one inescapable fact: He was a few thousand years too late. Seattle
Harer, an OB/gyn by profession and an amateur Egyptologist by passion, learned about the case from a centuries-old medical text written on papyrus.
His interest in sexually transmitted diseases in a long-ago civilization may be the ultimate proof that no aspect of ancient Egypt has gone unstudied, a fact that will be in evidence this weekend as 300-plus Egypt scholars gather from around the world.
In more than 100 different presentations beginning Friday at the downtown Grand Hyatt Seattle, researchers will present findings on everything
, from customs and clothing to coins, dance, pyramids and more. The event is the 59th annual meeting of The American Research Center in Egypt Egypt, a nonprofit formed to facilitate American study in and to strengthen cultural ties between the countries. Egypt
For years, archaeologists have lobbied for national and international laws, treaties, and conventions to prohibit the international movement in antiquities. For many of these years,
art museums that collect antiquities have opposed these attempts. The differences between archaeologists and U.S. art museums on this matter has spilled over into the public realm by way of reports in newspapers and magazines, public and university symposia, and specialist—even sensationalist —books on the topic. U.S.
At the center of the dispute is the question of unprovenanced antiquities. In conventional terms, an unprovenanced antiquity is one with modern gaps in its chain of ownership. As it pertains to the United States, since in most cases we are an importer of this kind of material, this means there is no evidence that the antiquity was exported in compliance with the export laws of its presumed country of origin (these are always modern laws, hence the qualifi cation above, modern gaps). Archaeologists argue that unprovenanced antiquities are almost always looted from archaeological sites or from what would become archaeological sites. But strictly speaking, since provenance is a matter of ownership and not archaeological status, and as some countries allow for the ownership of antiquities but not their export, it is possible to illegally export a legally owned, unprovenanced antiquity. (It would have to be either an excavated antiquity that could be legally owned, or a found or looted antiquity owned by someone, if not by its current owner, before the implementation of anti-looting laws.)
See the above page for the full story.
Saturday, April 26, 2008
Egypt's ambassador to Spain, Yasser Murad, said that over the summer Matadero Madridwould be the setting of the Spanish stop of the " Egypt's Sunken Treasures" touring exhibition, which displays 489 remarkable artefacts excavated from beneath the Mediterranean coast of . The exhibition has already seen spectacular success in Egypt Germanyand with more than 1.5 million visitors. France
"From 16 April to 28 September, the Spanish people can take a virtual dive to the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea and explore the lost treasures of ancient Egypt," Murad said, adding that the Matador centre was the most suitable place in Madrid to host such an exhibition since the height of its galleries meant they could house the three towering, red granite colossi of a Ptolemaic king and queen and the Nile deity, Hapi, each of which is five metres tall.
"The aura of the
Mediterranean Seais everywhere apparent," Murad told Al-Ahram Weekly. The ancient towns which lie submerged under the sea are resurrected in the Matadero. With waves echoing on the audio system and the sparkling black floor reflecting the seabed, audio-visual technology and visual effects are used to invoke the ambiance from which the antiquities were retrieved and the stages of the underwater excavation. "Visitors are taken on an imaginary voyage through time and space back to the Ptolemaic, Byzantine, Coptic and early Islamic eras, when those cities were the main commercial centres of ," Murad pointed out. Egypt
See the above page for the full story.
See the above page for the full story.
We are on our bellies now, crawling through silky-fine sand, watching the shadows for vipers and scorpions. Inches above our heads is a huge rock, the roof of a collapsed chamber, supported by walls cut from soft, rather crumbly sandstone.
Ahead of me, my companion switches on his head torch and lights up the chamber, revealing the object of our search. Around the walls, just below the ceiling is a layer of plaster, and on it some painted images, the heads of religious figures, saints or apostles perhaps. One bears a striking resemblance to traditional images of Jesus.
We take photographs until the sand causes my camera to seize up, and then return to the fresh air above.
My companion is Amir Milad, a desert guide of many years experience, and he has brought me to Deir Abu Lifa, an abandoned Coptic monastery in the Western Desert north of Fayoum. Dating back to the early days of Coptic Christianity, the monastery is cut into an outcrop of the Qatrani mountain; a remote place in which monks could lead the contemplative life safe from persecution by the Byzantine Eastern Roman rulers. The name points to the saint assumed to have founded it, Abu Lifa, also known as Abu Banukhm or St. Panoukhius.
See the above page for the full story.
The Sinai Peninsula is a major tourist attraction, generating close to half of the sector's revenues in
. Hit by a spate of terrorist attacks beginning in 2004, the area has since cleared away the rubble and moved from strength to strength. Yet it still, South Sinai Governor Major General Mohamed Hani Metwalli tells Jailan Halawi in a wide-ranging interview, has masses of as yet unrealised potential. Egypt
Jailan Halawi looks back at how the southern part of the peninsula evolved into a thriving tourist hub attracting millions of visitors a year
The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York will present The Philippe de Montebello Years: Curators Celebrate Three Decades of Acquisitions from October 24, 2008 to February 1, 2009 in its second-floor Tisch Galleries.
Stan's page also provides a useful reminder that the tomb of Tutankhamun will be closing on May 1st 2008 for restoration work which is expected to last for a year.
Stratigraphic landscape analysis: Charting the Holocene movements of the Nile at
J. M. Bunbury , A. Graham , M. A. Hunter
The winning design of the Grand Egyptian Museum was seen by visitors to the Lichtenstejnsky palace in Prague's neighbourhood Kampa within the exhibition Uncovering Old Egypt held on the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the Czech Egyptology Institute Wednesday.
The event is organized by the
National Museumin cooperation with the Office of the Government of the Czech Republicand the Faculty of Philosophy of Charles University to mark the 50th anniversary of the foundation of the Czech Institute (previously Czechoslovak) of Egyptology of the Faculty of Philosophy of Charles University in Pragueand in . (April 18 - 27, 2008; Cairo Lichtenstein Palace, U Sovových mlýnů 4/506, 1-Kampa, open 10.00-17.00) Prague
THE EGYPTIAN ADVENTURE OF KAREL HÁJEK (March 19 - July 27, 2008)
This exhibition recalls a journey to
made by the prominent Czech photographer Karel Hájek in May 1958. Over 600 photographic negatives and positives have survived from this journey: they document in a unique way the rapid and profound changes which transformed Egypt into a modern state and society. Egypt
Friday, April 25, 2008
At the beginning of this year, archaeologists from Warsaw University, headed by Dr Bogdan Żurawski discovered the remains of an Early Christian church and an even older palace. "During research in the area of Selib, a village located on the right bank of the
Nile, between the 4th and 3rd cataract, the remains of a building erected on the plan of a huge rectangle were found. It soon turned out that this was one of the most unique churches found in the area of ancient Nubia, that is modern Sudan" - Dr Zuzanna Wygnańska, editor of "Archewieści Centrum Archeologii Śródziemnomorskiej" (Archaeo-new from the Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology) informed. Thanks to geophysical research and aerial photographs made from a kite, it was possible to establish that a circular building eight metres in diameter made from red brick was adjacent to the main building.
"This is extremely interesting, as the only known buildings in
to be built on the plan of a circle are ovens for baking bread, bricks and lime. All doubts as to whether the building was a church disappeared when a stone reliquary, fragment of altar construction and oil lamps were found" - Wygnańska noted. Nubia
See the above page for the full story, with photographs.
Thanks very much to Pier for sending me this English version of yesterday's Spanish post on the same subject.
Archaeologists have revealed plans to uncover the 2000 year-old tomb of ancient Egypt's most famous lovers, Cleopatra and the Roman general Mark Antony later this year.
Zahi Hawass, prominent archaeologist and director of Egypt's superior council for antiquities announced a proposal to test the theory that the couple were buried together.
He discussed the project in Cairo at a media conference about the ancient pharaohs.
Hawass said that the remains of the legendary Egyptian queen and her Roman lover, Mark Antony, were inside a temple called Tabusiris Magna, 30 kilometres from the port city of Alexandria in northern Egypt.
Until recently access to the tomb has been hindered because it is under water, but archaeologists plan to drain the site so they can begin excavation in November.
Among the clues to suggest that the temple may contain Cleopatra's remains is the discovery of numerous coins with the face of the queen.
According to Hawas, Egyptologists have also uncovered a 120-metre-long underground tunnel with many rooms, some of which could contain more details about Cleopatra.
Two-part posting which shows exerpts from a report which is available for purchase.
In August 2007, I visited the Sudan for two weeks to conduct field research near the Merowe Dam area in the country’s northern region. My mission was a mini-research survey to record and document the archaeological sites and villages that will be flooded when the dam is completed in the upcoming months. The Merowe Dam is being constructed near the Fourth Cataract and, once completed in 2008, will inundate one of the most significant archaeological regions in the world. This area was an extension of one of the important political centers of the powerful ancient African civilization of Kush, and it was part of an extensive trading network and centralized kingship 4,500 years ago. My other goal of this Sudanese tour was to visit the major temple and pyramid sites, from the capital area of Khartoum down to the northern region of Merowe.
Minister of Tourism Zoheir Garana met on Wednesday 23/4/2008 with visiting director of the China National Tourism Administration Shao Qiwei.
The meeting took up means to promote cooperation in the field of tourism and to increase the number of Chinese tourists visiting
In statements following the meeting, Garana said the Chinese tourism market is promising, adding that the number of Chinese tourists increased remarkably in 2007.
The Chinese official, for his part, hailed as distinguished Egyptian tourist destinations.
has become multifaceted including new kinds such as therapeutic, safari, conference, diving and golf tourism, Shao said. Egypt
The Egyptian Tourism Ministry seeks to attract more Chinese tourists, Shao added.
A new exhibition at the
presents the most precious ancient Egyptian artifacts discovered by Czech Egyptologists. Arranged by the Czech Egyptology Institute, the exhibition showcases various pieces that were found more than 20 years ago, when it was legal to take discovered artifacts out of Liechtenstein Palace Egypt, as well as color photographs and films depicting the atmosphere from excavation sites in . Abusir, Egypt
Thursday, April 24, 2008
An Israeli academic team says it has resolved the Biblical riddle of how Joseph the Dreamer preserved
's vast, but unsealed grain stores against invading pests during the seven year drought and saved the country's inhabitants from mass starvation. Egypt
The secret lies in the burnt corpse of a 3,500 year old beetle found in a grain of wheat claim researchers (Kislev, Simhoni and Melamed) from the laboratory for archaeological botany in the Life Sciences Department at
, Haaretz reported on Monday. Bar Ilan University
The beetle belongs to the highly destructive Rhyzopetha
species, commonly known as the Lesser Grain Borer, which invades wheat and barley stored in silos after it has been harvested in the field. dominica
Each female Lesser Grain Borer lays between 300 and 500 eggs a month giving birth to thousands of insect larvae a year which bore into wheat or barley. The pest can eat up a silo within a very short time.
The insect originated in
where its larvae had once bored into trees. But several thousand years ago at the time of Joseph when the insect began its westward migration to India Egyptand the Middle East, it changed its taste to wheat and barley.
The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) has approved the display of 12 Egyptian artifacts at the Expo Zaragoza 2008 due in
June 14 for three months. Spain
Minister of Industry and Trade Rasheed Mohamed Rasheed and the Egyptian Embassy in Madrid have asked the SCA to approve the display of the 12 antiques in the exhibition which will be inaugurated by the Spanish King and Queen.
Expo Zaragoza is an International Exposition organized by the B.I.E., the French abbreviation for the International Expositions Bureau (Bureau International des Expositions).
The Exposition has 140 pavilions.
The Expo Zaragoza 2008 site will host 4,529 different shows in 13 different venues during the 93 days of the event.
Added to this figure are more than 1,000 performances that comprise the participating countries' cultural programs.
this weekend will be exhibiting an Egyptian mummy at the National Museum of Natural History in Mdina. The mummy was brought to Malta , together with several other Egyptian artefacts, by Lord Grenfell who was Governor of Malta from 1899 to 1903. The artefacts form part of what is now known as the Grenfell Egyptian Collection. Malta
The items in the collection were first displayed in
Maltain 1901 in the newly set up . The exhibition was organised to coincide with the royal visit of the Duke and Duchess of Valletta Museum Yorkto . The Egyptian artefacts were exhibited in one of the inner rooms of the building which was reserved for exhibits that do not form part of the history of the islands. Malta
The exhibition was so successful that it developed into a permanent display, and in 1903 Grenfell was also instrumental in establishing a Committee of Management of the Museum, to manage the new museum, which was housed in the Industrial Hall of the headquarters of the Society of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce in Valletta, located at Palazzo Xara, just opposite St John's Co-Cathedral.
The Egyptian mummy and its wooden sarcophagus are of late 26th Dynasty.
If anyone needs a rough summary of the following let me know and I'll do it, but I'm a bit rushed right now.
Los arqueólogos utilizarán a partir de noviembre un radar para buscar, cerca de Alejandría, las tumbas de los amantes más famosos de la historia
Antiguo Egipto: la reina Cleopatra y el general romano Marco Antonio. del
El secretario general del Consejo Superior de Antigüedades (CSA), Zahi Hawas, hizo el anuncio en una conferencia sobre los últimos descubrimientos arqueológicos en Egipto ante miembros del Rotary Club en El Cairo. La búsqueda de estas tumbas tiene lugar en la zona de Borg Al Arab, a unos 50 kilómetros al oeste de Alejandría (norte de Egipto), "ya que creemos que Cleopatra y Marco Antonio fueron enterrados en un templo allí", dijo Hawas.
En esa misma área, los arqueólogos han descubierto en los últimos meses un busto de Cleopatra, una estatua real sin cabeza, y 22 monedas con dibujos de la reina, que muestran su belleza. Además, han hallado un túnel subterráneo de 120 metros de largo que da acceso a varias habitaciones que "pueden esconder más secretos de Cleopatra", explicó Hawas.
It's a theory that gives indigestion to mainstream archeologists. Namely, that some of the immense blocks of
's Great Pyramids might have been cast from synthetic material - the world's first concrete - not just carved whole from quarries and lugged into place by armies of toilers. Egypt
Such an innovation would have saved millions of man-hours of grunting and heaving in construction of the enigmatic edifices on the Giza Plateau.
"It could be they used less sweat and more smarts," said Linn W. Hobbs, professor of materials science at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "Maybe the ancient Egyptians didn't just leave us mysterious monuments and mummies. Maybe they invented concrete 2,000 years before the Romans started using it in their structures."
That's a notion that would dramatically change engineering history. It's long been believed that the Romans were the first to employ structural concrete in a big way, although the technology may have come from the Greeks.
A handful of determined materials scientists are carrying out experiments with crushed limestone and natural binding chemicals - stuff that would have been readily available to ancient Egyptians - designed to show that blocks on the upper reaches of the pyramids may have been cast in place from a slurry poured into wooden molds.
See the above for more.
And sorry about the radically off-topic Ferrari reference - it was such a seriously fun car to get my paws on! I've always been a bit silly about fast cars :-) It looks tiny in photographs but it is a serious monster.
On the upside, I was given the opportunity of driving a Ferrari 360 Spider this morning - the biggest adrenalin rush in a long time! It's more like driving a fighter plane than a car.
Right, back to my cables.
Wednesday, April 23, 2008
Tuesday, April 22, 2008
The home of the largest display of Egyptian artifacts west of the Mississippi River was recently awarded the American Association of Museums' highest recognition - accreditation.
Robert V. Fullerton Art Museumat Cal State San Bernardino was awarded the distinction in March, which makes it one of only five museums in the Inland Empireand 775 in the nation to receive such recognition.
"The university's art museum displays a world-class collection long deserving of high recognition," said Eri Yasuhara, dean of the university's
and Letters. "Through the hard work and dedication of its staff and volunteers, the ... museum has risen to new heights as an invaluable cultural asset to our community." Collegeof Arts
The association is an organization that represents museum professionals and volunteers who work for and with museums. It also represents more than 3,000 museums nationwide.
Accreditation is an extensive process that examines all aspects of a museum's operations, a statement from
said. Cal State
To earn accreditation, museums conduct a year of self-study and then undergo a three-day site visit by a team of peer reviewers. It typically takes three years for a museum to complete the process, the statement said.
At the end of the day, I figured it was just as well that nobody had really understood.
After the umpteenth person had commented on my upcoming Nile cruise and the archaeological wonders I would see between Luxor and Aswan, it dawned on me that my actual plan, to follow the 6,000-kilometre length of the Nile River -- from its source in Uganda to its mouth at the Mediterranean Sea -- had not really registered.
Yes, I explained, I was intending to visit the Valley of the Kings and stop for high tea at the legendary Old Cataract Hotel in Aswan. But to get there, I would first have to cross the vast African wetlands known as the Sudd by river barge.
Attempts to clarify my itinerary, which inevitably drew attention to the fact that most of my journey would be through Sudan where President Omar al-Bashir's regime has inflicted untold suffering and death on the indigenous tribes in Darfur (not to mention the 21-year war with the South that only ended in 2005), met with horrified expressions. Best, I thought, to reserve until my return mention of the fact that I would be one of the first tourists to ride a barge down the Nile River since the end (goodness, probably since the start) of the North-South civil war.
Instead of taking a five-star cruise on the
Nile, try the felucca.
For a long time in the past, travelling in
Egyptmeant sailing the Nilesince the world’s longest river was the main transport corridor. The river was the lifeblood of the country and the quickest way to move about.
Fast forward to the 21st century, and any holiday to
Egyptis incomplete without a cruise on the Nile. Almost all cruise lines travel between Luxorand , stopping along the way at various temples to show tourists the archaeological richness of the country. Aswan
While there are many all-inclusive, five-star ships clamouring for passengers, this is not the only sailing option. If you’re game for an alternative river journey (read: budget travel), then jump into a felucca (sailboat).
Cheaper and more popular among independent travellers, the felucca sails as the wind dictates. The simple wooden boat uses one main sail made of cotton and allows you to be close to the water.
A fortnight ago, my cousin and I signed up for a 4D/3N felucca adventure beginning in Aswan and ending in Luxor, followed by a 10-hour train ride back to Cairo.
Broxbourne is in Hertfordshire, UK.
Amateur Archaeologist Lew Blake will be exhibiting his collection of Egyptian objects both ancient and modern. The exhibition will be opened by The Mayor of Broxbourne at
on Saturday 3 May at 2.30pm. Lew has spent most of his life interested in ancient Lowewood Museum . Egypt
He has assisted on many archaeological excavations in
. This exhibition features a variety of pieces from the modern tourist trinket, to the genuine ancient sacred artefact dating back thousands of years. Egypt
Lew has been fascinated by how the past of
has been reproduced and presented for sale and display in our commercial world. This exhibition attempts to explore the contradiction of style between the two, the sacred past and the consumer present. Egypt
The exhibition continues until 31 May 2008, and admission is free; the museum is open Wednesday to Saturday from 10am to 4pm. For more information please contact
on 01992 445596. Lowewood Museum
Lowewood Museum also has its own website.
Two ancient civilizations seeking new moorings and contact in the modern context.
How many people and what was the volume of trade between ancient
Egyptand the Harrapan civilization is not certain, but what is certain is the number of Indian tourists visiting every year is almost 100,000. Egypt
If a plan presented by Egyptian Tourism Counsellor in
India, Samy Mahmoud, is anything to go by, then Egyptis planning to double its tourist intake from by 2010. India
Tutankhamun: The Golden King and the Great Pharaohs.
The Michael C. Carlos Museum of Emory University announced it will open the exhibit at the
from November through May 22, 2009. The exhibit will then move to the Indianapolis Children's Museum from June to October 2009. Atlanta Civic Center
The first photo (and the one on this post) shows Aghurmi, the ruined medieval town which grew up around the temple. The town was abandoned in the mid 1920s - the main surviving feature is the tower of a mosque which was in use until recently.
The temple, shown in the second photo, was built during the 26th Dynasty and was dedicated to Amun. The temple and its oracle (a physical representation of the god, which could be consulted) were famous throughout the
As you can see from the second photo, the walls of the temple survive, but the internal decoration has been damaged. If you click on the last three photos you will be able to make out some of the decoration that remains in the sanctuary. The first of the three shows the twin plumes of the god Amun. The main feature of the second image is the goddess Mut facing to the right and in the final photograph a lion-headed deity, perhaps Mahes, faces to the left.