"I recently posted some information about tunics in the Petrie Museum and the online availability of all (or most) of the Petrie objects. I received the following comment that I would like to take this opportunity to follow up on list since I think it's a view that many people may share.
"I really liked the old "cramped" museum. To me that is what a working museum should be. I shall have mixed feelings when I see the new and improved space I have heard about."
I could say the easy thing - that a 21st century world class museum and collection deserves fitting surroundings - which they do. Or I could say that Petrie himself would have been appalled at the conditions his collection is kept in. He fought for Egyptology to be taken seriously at UCL and for his collection to be used as a publicly accessible teaching collection.
Post WW2 bombing it was housed in its current 'temporary' position. The roof leaks in 13 places, we don't have enough room for the objects, and every time an object is conserved and remounted it takes up more space and there's nowhere for it to go. Eighty per cent of the objects are not on public view and we want them to be. Staff work in dreadfully cramped conditions - our outstanding curator, Stephen Quirke, shares an office the size of a cupboard with the kitchen sink!
Yes, the old museum has 'charm' - I walked in on my first day as a mature student ten years ago and never really left - but it should be regarded as an international scandal. Our new space would have proper study and teaching facilities, it would have its own conservation lab, 100 per cent of the objects will be on display or in visible, accessible storage. Finally, there will be surroundings to do justice to the collection and to the staff who work so hard to make it accessible to the world.
But you may not have to worry - unless we raise another six million pounds by Christmas, it won't happen. It may not equal world poverty in the greater scheme of things but it will be a real tragedy.
Sorry for the passion, but it hit an over-stretched nerve! If anyone wants to know more about it, email me email@example.com
Secretary, Friends of the Petrie Museum
H.R.A. Institute of Archaeology, UCL".
Thursday, June 30, 2005
- Tutankhamon: Imágenes de un tesoro bajo el desierto egipcio (Images of a treasure beneath the Egyptian desert): "A Harry Burton, fotógrafo del equipo de Carter, le debemos miles de imágenes de la tumba. Entre ellas, para la creación de la exposición, se han seleccionado 65 fotografías, cuyos originales se sometieron a las más modernas tecnologías digitales" (Very roughly translated as: To Harry Burton, phogotrapher on Carter's team, we owe thousands of images of the tomb. 65 photographs have been chosen from the total collection for this exhbition, which have been digitally upgraded).
- Joyas De Faraones: Tesoros de magia, poder y belleza (jewells of the Pharaohs: Treasures of magic, power and beauty).
See the site for more information (in Spanish and Catalan). Barcelona is a terrific city - if you get the chance to go there and to see these exhbitions at the same time, I will be seriously envious!
Abusir - Archaeological Season 2003-2004
Amheida, Dakhleh Oasis http://www.learn.columbia.edu/amheida/
Amarna - Capital City of Ancient Egypt
Dakhleh Oasis Project (Monash University)http://www.arts.monash.edu.au/archaeology/dakhleh/index.html
Dashur North Expedition
Djehuty Tomb Excavation
El Hosh Rock Art
Giza Plateau Mapping Project
Giza Archives Project
Giza - Mark Lehrner Excavation Project
The Tomb of Harwa
Hierakonpolis @ Archaeology Magazine
Kafr Hassan Dawood
Karnak - Temple Precinct of Mut (Dig Diary)http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/features/2005/mut/
The Spatial Structure of Kom el-Hisn
North Kharga Oasis Project
Meidum Pyramid - Architectural Study
Saqqara - Unis and Teti Cemeteries
Saqqara Risk Map
Tomb of Senneferi, Valley of the Nobles
SEPE - Southern Sinai and Eastern Delta
Campaigns at Shenhur
Sikait Emerald Mine Excavations
Tell Ibrahim Awad
The Theban Mapping Project
Valley of the Kings- Amarna Royal Tombs Project
Wednesday, June 29, 2005
According to this short article, "The sarcophagus which belonged to a top official who served under Pharaoh Ramses II, is decorated with colored paintings and hieroglyphic inscriptions as well as the titled carried by the man such as 'the general supervisor of the royal stables'. The sarcophagus dates back to the period between 1304 and 1237 BC. Egyptian archaeologists found the sarcophagus in the Haram Onas cemetery near the Sakara pyramids, some 23 kilometers (14 miles) south of Cairo. The ministry said human bones and skulls as well as 100 figurines, a blue talisman and two pottery containers were also found in the cemetery".
"A sarcophagus of more than 3,200 years old has been discovered by a mission of Cairo University's Faculty of Archaeology in Saqqara, southwest of Cairo . . . . the big sarcophagus dating back to the reign of King Ramses II (1279-1213 BC) was made of rosy granite, bearing hieroglyphic signs and different titles of the deceased".
"The sarcophagus, the council statement said, was discovered by an excavation team from Cairo University. A council spokesperson said no skeleton was found in the sarcophagus. However, a collection of human bones and skulls were excavated near eight burial pits also discovered in a 16 square metre tomb."An amulet featuring goddess Nephtis and god Osiris, an alabaster quadrilateral star and a small scarab bearing the name of god Amun Re were also found," the statement said"
From September 28 until October 1, the 7th Egyptological Tempeltagung will be organized in Leuven. This year's topic is "Structuring Religion". You will find the program of the conference and the abstracts on our website .
We ask you to distribute it as much as possible to your colleagues and students.
Because of the organisation of our visit to the Egyptian temple in the Antwerp Zoo on Friday afternoon, we insist that you announce your presence either with the form you can find on our website or by sending an email with the corresponding information to
For further information, please consult our website:
Harco Willems - René Preys
KULeuven - Letteren
Blijde Inkomststraat 21
+ 32 16 32 49 64
Tuesday, June 28, 2005
The official website for the collection can be found at the address below. As well as descritpions and images of the collection, it provides papers of scientific studies in favour and against the authenticity of the collection, and a history of the collection:
An entire online book dedicated to the controversy by Mansoor family member Christine Mansoor can be found at:
Monday, June 27, 2005
"The Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) Secretary-General Zahi Hawwas heads to Paris today to attend the meeting of 15th session of the executive committee for Nubia museum in Aswan and the civilization museum in Fustat 'ancient Cairo'. The meeting will be held at the UNESCO headquarters in Paris, according to Hawass. Hawwas pointed out that the committee will discuss what have been implemented of construction works for setting up the civilization museum". This is the full Egyptian State Information Service article.
The 2,500 images will allow Philadelphia forensic artist Frank Bender to sculpt the bust, a process that could take weeks . . . . Researchers have already pieced together some biographical details about the woman, who was mummified between 300 and 220 B.C. CT scans and X-rays conducted in August 2001 revealed that Pesed was a 55- to 65-year-old woman who had osteoporosis at the time of her death. They also revealed abscesses along her jaw, which could indicate that she had an infection that could have led to malnutrition or death". The scans should reveal more about an amulet hidden under the wrappings. See the article for more.
Thanks to AKE for the pointer the the Times Literary Supplemement website which contains further details, and an extract from the poem: "We have a poem of twelve lines, made up of six two-line stanzas. The last eight lines are virtually complete. The first four are still lacking two or three words each at their beginnings. But we can make out the sentence structure and restore the sense of what is lost, if not the exact words. Here is the poem in my own restoration and translation. The words in square brackets are supplied by conjecture. "[You for] the fragrant-blossomed Muses’ lovely gifts [be zealous,] girls, [and the] clear melodious lyre: [but my once tender] body old age now [has seized;] my hair’s turned [white] instead of dark; my heart’s grown heavy, my knees will not support me, that once on a time were fleet for the dance as fawns. This state I oft bemoan; but what’s to do? Not to grow old, being human, there’s no way. Tithonus once, the tale was, rose-armed Dawn, love-smitten, carried off to the world’s end, handsome and young then, yet in time grey age o’ertook him, husband of immortal wife."
Thanks to David Meadows's "Explorator" for the above article on the Discover Magazine website: "As part of an exhibit on mummified animals, Sabin has been analyzing the relatively few specimens that have survived. He found that skeletons of wrapped cats were much larger than those of modern house cats. “It could be that these cats were being bred to be larger to make more impressive and better-selling mummies,” says Sabin. If so, it might even suggest that cats were first domesticated to be sacrificed". See the article for a short discussion of what may have been a thriving market in mummified animals.
Sunday, June 26, 2005
Specific pages of interest are as follows:
The site's current home page at http://www.bergerfoundation.ch/ has a feature on the Faiyum Portraits - with six very fine ones shown at the top of the page. Click on any one of them to zoom in and see each of them in greater detail - they are lovely. More information about the portraits can be found on this site at:
I'll add it to my Egyptology Portal so that it can be easily found again.
The latest news from Egyptologists’ Electronic Forum (EEF) should be online later today at the above address. The EEF News page is particularly strong on exhibitions, digital publications and lectures, thanks to contributors from around the world.
I may have announced this before, although I can't locate the posting, but the latest issue of the Journal of African Archaeology, to be released in July, has the following paper about prehistoric Egypt (see the above URL for a full listing of all papers in the July JAA): D. Usai: Early Holocene Seasonal Movements between the Desert and the Nile Valley. Details from the Lithic Industry of some Khartoum Variant and some Nabta/Kiseiba Sites. Also of interest to those interested in the prehistoric occupation of Egypt and the Sahara is the following: R. Castelli, M. Cremaschi, M.C. Gatto, M. Liverani & L. Mori. A Preliminary Report of Excavations in Fewet, Libyan Sahara
Saturday, June 25, 2005
Book reviews from the June/July edition are available online at the above address. Not all the books are new releases, but the reviews are still very welcome. Books reviewed by appropriate reviewers are:
- Sphinx: History of a Monument, by Christiane Zivie-Coche. Reviewed by geologist Colin Reader
- A Traveler’s Guide to the Geology of Egypt, by Bonnie M. Sampsell. Reviewed by AE Editorial Assistant, Peter Robinson
- The Beetle, by Richard Marsh. Reviewed by AE contributer Alison Millerman
- Gods and Men in Egypt3000 BCE to 395 CE by Francoise Dunand and Christiane Zivie-Coche. Reviewed by doctoral student Vicky Gashe
- Luxor and the Valley of the Kings, by Alessandro Bongioanni
- Abu Simbel, Aswan and the Nubian Temples by Marco Zecchi
- Tales From Ancient Egypt, by Joyce Tyldesley. Reviewed by AE Editorial Assistant, Victor Blunden
Friday, June 24, 2005
Thursday, June 23, 2005
Wednesday, June 22, 2005
Help requested: I am going to update the entire Portal site, which is looking a bit sparse, over the next few weeks. Please, if you have any sites from any period and in any of the site's categories that you can recommend, send me the links - I would like to make this a far more useful resource than it is at present. Similarly, if you have ideas for different categories or other changes, let me know. Please email me at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Details of the new museum can be found at the Petrie's website at the following address http://www.petrie.ucl.ac.uk/index2.html under the "The Petrie Museum" link (navigate to the "Planning the New Museum" link). The new museum will be called the Panopticon, and its opening is planned for 2008.
Tuesday, June 21, 2005
Monday, June 20, 2005
An Egyptian State Iinformation Service item about the New York Times's online feature regarding the Tutankhamun exhbition. There is a super photograph from the original excavation, and links to more information, including a slide show of some of the items in the exhibition.
The above article is very similar to many others, but does offer an insight that I haven't so far stumbled across elsewhere: "One unusual effect of the exhibition is that, at least subliminally, it seems to undermine its promotional presuppositions. By not allowing the more elaborate pieces to travel and by choosing some of the more intimate objects to display and adding about 70 objects from the 18th dynasty to suggest a broader context, the Egyptian government shifted, perhaps unwittingly, the perspective: Tut, instead of being the climax of the exhibition, as he is meant to be, becomes something lesser, an epilogue, or even a bit of a puzzle." See this International Herald Tribune article for more.
Sunday, June 19, 2005
"The 29th Session of the World Heritage Committee will be held in Durban, South Africa from 10 to 17 July 2005. The World Heritage Committee consists of representatives from 21 of the States Parties to the Convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage, elected by the General Assembly of States Parties to the Convention . . . . The essential functions of the Committee are to: (i) identify, on the basis of nominations submitted by States Parties, cultural and natural properties of outstanding universal value which are to be protected under the Convention and to list those properties on the World Heritage List; (ii) monitor the state of conservation of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List, in liaison with the States Parties; decide which properties included in the World Heritage List are to be inscribed on or removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger; and decide whether a property may be deleted from the World Heritage List; and (iii) examine requests for International Assistance from the World Heritage Fund."
Egypt is one of the current members of the Comittee. To see which Egyptian sites are listed on the World Heritage List, go to:
To find out more about the World Heritage List and its purpose, go to:
Saturday, June 18, 2005
Those reviewed online are:
- Alexander the Great, son of the Gods, by Alan Fildes and Joann Fletcher (Review by Tony Judd)
- Travellers Graffiti from Egypt and the Sudan, Part III, by Roger O. De Keersmaeker
- The Egyptian Book of Life - A True Translation of the Egyptian Book of the Dead, by Ramses Seleem (Review by Vicky Gashe)
- Miss Brocklehurst o the Nile: Diary of a Victorian Traveller in Egypt
- The Thrice-Buried Queen: Dylan Bickerstaffe investigates the story of a Queen re-buried under unusual circumstances.
- Digging in a Museum: Wolfram Grajetzki examines the Second Intermediate Period burial of Senebhenaef.
- The Island of Elephantine: AE visits the monuments on the Island of Elephantine, a site of strategic importance throughout Egypt’s long history.
- "... but where did they live?": Peter Phillips looks at the most important of places to individuals throughout history – their homes.
- The Mummy of Tutankhamun: AE brings you the full report from the Supreme Council of Antiquities, following the recent CT scan of Tutankhamun’s Mummy.
- Ancient Egypt on the Small Screen: A review of recent television documentaries on ancient Egypt.
- New Lakes and Very Old Bones: AE looks at a new site for touists in the Fayoum, which includes an area where the fossilised skeletons of whales can be seen.
- Holiday Competition Results: We give you the answers and name the winners.
- Cairo’s oldest and largest mosque- the Mosque of Ibn Tulun: Recently restored, the Ibn Tulun Mosque is a haven for mind, body and spirit in the heart of Old Cairo.
- News of the Friends of the Petrie Museum
- A Stab in the Back: Joan Rees tells a tale of rivalry between Egyptologist Amelia Edwards and her cousin Matilda Betham-Edwards.
- Archive Image: Medinet Habu
The following warning appeared on the Ancient Egypt Magazine website this morning:
"Note: A handful of our subscribers have received copies of the latest issue of the magazine with some pages missing and others duplicated. This is due to a printing error beyond our control. We aplogise for this, and ask that anyone who received a faulty copy to contact us on 0161-872 3319 or email email@example.com and we will immediately replace it". For those of you dialling from outside the UK that number should read +44161 872 3319.
Some videos about the exhbition which may be worth a look are at:
The following has some lovely photos and a couple of audio files which may be of interest:
An audio file looking at the cost of holding the Tutankhamun exhibition is at:
King Tut's skin colour a subject for controversy:
http://u.dailynews.com/Stories/0,1413,211~23523~2921859,00.html and at
If you really want to trawl through a full collection of articles, have a look at this long listing (on this very long URL!):
Friday, June 17, 2005
This is a lovely and highly informative page with plans, photographs and detailed descriptions: “During the 2005 season, a much enlarged team continued conservation and excavation work on the late Roman house (Area 2.1), began the excavation of the site of the Temple of Thoth (Area 4.1), and excavated part of a less wealthy house in Area 1.3. In addition, several types of survey were carried out for future planning and for a more complete view of the ancient city”. See the above page for much more information, and to get a real feel for the excavations being carried out at Amheida by Columbia University since 2004, following field surveys carried out in 2001 and 2002. You can download the page as a PDF as well.
"The rise of subterranean water is a source of chronic headache for archaeologists in Egypt. With most sites across the country endangered by rising water levels, officials were forced to work out plans to reduce the already gathered water or, in the worst cases, to dismantle the monument and reconstruct it on higher ground. On the recommendation of Subterranean Water Research Institute studies, the Supreme Council for Antiquities (SCA) is currently supervising the implementation of such projects in several Upper Egyptian sites". See the full article for more.
Evidence at the site in the eastern Nile Delta indicates that glass was made out of raw materials there as early as 1250 B-C. Artisans reportedly used finely crushed quartz powder that was melted with other materials inside ceramic crucibles. Those containers were then broken to get the glass out. The glass ingots then would have been sent to other workshops where they were re-melted and worked into objects. Most of this glass was red. The finding adds evidence that primary glass production was carried out at this location. The British and German researchers' findings appear in tomorrow's issue of the journal Science". This is the full article - see the journal Science for more, if you have access to it either online or in the print version. The online version (available by subscription only) is at:
Tony Cagle's Archaeoblog not only links to a review on the Egypt Today website about Salima Ikram's most recent book, "Divine Creatures", but has some really nice photographs from the field. To go direct to the review see the Egypt Today website, at
The online version of Tony Cagle's dissertation, completed as part of his PhD submission: "The nature of Old Kingdom settlement patterns is poorly understood due to a lack of well-excavated sites of a variety of sizes and locations. Most of our knowledge of Old Kingdom settlement function comes from epigraphic sources and a few excavations of towns located next to and servicing temple and mortuary complexes. Consequently, there is little data regarding the ways in which the bulk of the population interacted economically. Some have suggested that rural towns and villages were largely self-sufficient in basic goods and services, articulating with the central authority through taxes and corvee labor requirements. Others argue that many settlements were directly administered by agents of the king and court and were dependent on and integrated into the national economy. Resolution of this issue has been hampered by a lack of well-excavated settlements of a variety of sizes and spatial distribution. The purpose of this research is to investigate in detail the spatial structure of a single site, Kom el-Hisn, located in the Delta region". Okay, so Tony is an online friend of mine, but this is a great piece of work - if you are interested in the Old Kingdom, take a look.
This isn't actually strictly speaking archaeology or Egyptology, but for those of you who might be interested, this is Hawass's description of the U.S's Laura Bush's visits to Egypt, and her visit to Giza with Hawass as her guide.
Thursday, June 16, 2005
The above link contains a review of Mika Waltari's historical novel The Egyptian, describing it as a grand immersion into an epic tale in the time of Amenhotep, Tutankhamun and Nefertiti".
Lasting for 22 hours and 18 minutes, it is available from Audio Connoisseur either as MP3 CD or download. It became a best-seller when it was released in the 1940s. "The main character and narrator is Sinuhe, who rises from humble beginnings to become surgeon to the pharaohs. His medical adventures, from dentistry to horrifyingly primitive brain surgery, are worth the ride all by themselves. Sinuhe is seduced by the green-eyed Nefernefernefer, betrays his parents, travels abroad to obtain military information for the ruthless Horemheb, and has several tragic love affairs". See the article for more.
For those of you who crave a rather more hands-on and interactive approach to Ancient Egypt :-) "As addictive as it is exciting, Luxor is an action-puzzle game that takes you on a thrilling adventure across the lands of Ancient Egypt. The mysterious goddess, Isis, has enlisted you to battle Set and his evil minions". The game has 88 levels and can be purchased from the MacPlay website. See the article for more.
Wednesday, June 15, 2005
This, the second symposium, takes place five years after the first one and again offers an opportunity for the exchange of information about research in this region of Egypt, and for communication about it to the public in general.
It is hoped that every five years this symposium about Abusir, Saqqara and Dahshur will become a recurring traditions.
The second symposium will take place at the Charles University in Prague from Monday June 27th until Friday July 1st 2005. There is an impressive list of presenters and papers - see the website for more.
The recent artistic recreation of King Tut's head is a deceitful travesty of Egyptology. Forensic artists who recreate faces of historic personalities are accustomed to identifying anonymous murder victims when only skeletal evidence is available. The best forensic artists are amazingly accurate and their recreations often match well with murder victims' photographs. Therefore, those artists are credible and valuable when called on to recreate ancient historic figures.
However, in such cases, the artist's credibility is maintained only if the historic figure remains anonymous to the artist. This eliminates the tendency for prejudice. Two years ago, such credibility remained intact when the first recreation of Tut was done, because that artist didn't know his subject's identify. The face he sculpted, based on provided data, looked decidedly Negroid; similar to all ancient sculptures made of Tut when he was alive. The most recent recreation of Tut, ordered by Zahi Hawass, Egypt's secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, looked more like an Arab. That recreation was the result of a team of artists; some of them knew who the subject was. That taints the process and reeks of a set-up. Obviously, the recent recreation of Tut is not scholarship. It's propaganda".
(By Frederick Franklin, Richmond)
“Egypt’s Central Bank said Tuesday the number of tourists who visited Egypt in March increased by 26 percent compared to the same period last year. The bank said in a statement 827,000 tourists visited in March, compared with 656,000 last year. The statement did not identify the nationalities of the tourists or reveal the amount of money they spent.However, the number of tourists is expected to decrease after three foreigners were killed in bombing attacks that targeted tourist areas in Cairo in April. Tourism is a main source of foreign currency in addition to remittances by Egyptian expatriates, oil sales and tolls from the Suez Canal. Tourism revenue was calculated at $6.5 billion in 2004″.
The Tutankhamun exhibition currently touring the USA is opening in Los Angeles on 16th June on the next leg of its tour, at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA). See below for prices etc:
The latest Tour Egypt featured article is about the tomb robberies that took place in the tomb of Tutankhamun before its discovery by Howard Carter. Although it is often discussed as though the tomb was intact, it had in fact been targeted by tomb robbers who removed a number of items - possibly in two separate incursions. See the feature for more.
Tuesday, June 14, 2005
The Harrogate Vase, for those of you have not been following this blog, is a Naqada II vase currently residing in a UK museum, for which I have formed a particular interest (no accounting for people's interests!). It has a unique depiction of a burial - a contracted figure on a boat. The boat is fairly typical, but the burial painting is unique to this vase and the vase has therefore been regarded with some suspicion in the past, as a possible fake. It was announced several weeks ago that the vase would undergo tests - and then nothing! No news followed. I couldn't wait any longer so I emailed Dr Buckley, not expecting a reply, but he has been generous enough to get back to me with a detailed response.
So the news is that the vase itself seems typically Naqada II in the type of decoration (apart from the dead figure) and stylistic organization, and in the composition of the fabric of the vase itself. The big question lies in whether or not the dead figure was painted in later to make it a more alluring proposition for sale. At the moment this is still unanswered - Dr Buckley is analysing miniscule samples and is taking the time to set things up properly. There is still a lot of scepticism, but hopefully the testing of the pigment will prove things one way or another. Dr Buckley may well wish to publish his findings, so the results may have to wait until his paper is published, but if he decides to provide information before that time I'll update the blog.
The latest Tour Egypt featured story coincides with the Tutankhamun tour of the U.S. It is entitled Who Was King Tut? and looks at his parentage, his royal names, and his reign.
Monday, June 13, 2005
Sunday, June 12, 2005
Saturday, June 11, 2005
"Archaeologist and Secretary General of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities Zahi Hawass is credited with such major discoveries as the tombs of Giza and the Saqqara Pyramids. As a National Geographic Explorer-in-Residence he recently helped to reopen the tomb of Tutankhamun so that the mummy could undergo a CT scan to determine the cause of death for a National Geographic Channel documentary. He recently talked with 'Taipei Times' staff reporter Gavin Phipps about the world's fascination with ancient Egypt and the curse of the pharaohs". See the above URL to see the full interview.
Friday, June 10, 2005
KING TUT RETURNS
by Zahi Hawass
"Tutankhamun & the Golden Age of the Pharaohs"begins its U.S. run in Los Angeles
BEYOND THE TOMB
By Dennis Forbes
The historical Tutankhamen from his monuments
MUMMIES: DEATH & THE AFTERLIFEIN ANCIENT EGYPT
by Megan Shockro
The Bowers Museum presents treasures from the British Museum
by Peter Lacovara
Great Discoveries from the Petrie Museum ofEgyptian Archaeology, University College, London
ANCIENT EGYPT IN "LITTLE PARIS"
by Lucy Gordon-Rastelli
Leipzig University's Antiquities Collections
EGYPTIAN ST. PETERSBURG
by Victor V. Solken & Valdimar M .Larchenko
Egyptianizing architecture on the banks of theNeva River
Thanks to Kevin LaCroix (Homo Insapiens) for pointing out this crop of articles on the ABC News website inspired by the touring exhbition currently showing in the U.S. There are some excellent photos, which can be scrolled through, an "interactive" tomb (click on the map of the tomb to see some of the articles found in those chambers), and a couple of articles about the exhibition and the history of the find (you will need to click on the "next" prompts at the bottom of each article, as each item is spread over more than one page).
"Minister of Culture Dr. Farouq Hosni confirmed that work is going on to establish Civilization Museum at Al-Fostat saying that the museum establishments will end in 6 months to be followed by preparing the museum from inside". More details about the museum are contained within the article.