Friday, November 27, 2009

Blog Updates

Just a quick note to say that my father came down to visit on Wednesday and is going back on Sunday. I thought I might have the time to update the blog but we have been so busy that I haven't had the chance and will probably not have the opportunity until Sunday or Monday. Nothing particularly interesting appears to have been happening in the world of Egyptology (or none that anyone is advertising!) but if anything earth shaking occurs I will post about it when it happens.

Thanks to everyone who emailed this week. We appreciate it.


Tuesday, November 24, 2009

News: Petrie Museum Book Auction

This is probably the longest email I've ever posted on the blog but it is for an excellent cause (All proceeds go towards the conservation of objects in the remarkable Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology) and will probably be of interest to a large number of readers. There are some books on this list which are classics, and many are very difficult to get hold of. I won't be updating the blog with more auctuion information so if you want to keep track of the auction and watch bids, you must subscribe to the email address below:

To subscribe to the auction newsletter email the words auction subscribe in the subject line to Remember that you can 'unsubscribe' at any time.

This email auction will culminate on the evening of 14 December with a live auction. The auction is open to all and will be held at the Ambrose Fleming Lecture Theatre, Roberts Engineering Building UCL, corner of Malet Place and Torrington Place, WC1. Viewing from 6.00, auction starts at 6.45

The complete list follows below with starting prices on all volumes inviting bids (BID?). As bids come in the bid is listed with the bidder's initials alongside, e.g. GBP 10 (JP)

TO BID, please either cut and paste title with your bid added, or give me the book number(s) and your bid. Please don't return the entire list- unless you're bidding on everything! Regular updates on the state of the bidding will be sent out. All bids should be sent to

Closing date for email bids will be Thursday 10 December. All bids will be carried forward to the evening of 14 December. No books will be sold before that date so that Friends and others not on email will have a chance to participate.

The highest email bidder will be invited to submit a final ceiling-price which will ONLY be used - in increments - if he/she is outbid on the evening.

We reserve the right to withdraw, cancel, or change the rules if it all gets too complicated.

If you wish to cancel your receipt of any further auction information just send an email with 'auction delete' in the header and we won't bother you again.

After the auction successful bidders will be contacted with the amount owed for their books.

All prices will be plus postage, payable in advance in GB pounds by cash, UK cheque, or overseas bankers cheque drawn on a UK bank, (or Post Office Giro-cheques from Europe are reasonably priced, or postal orders) so please bear that in mind when making your bid. Sorry, but we don't have the facilities to accept direct credit card payment although we can accept payment via PAYPAL. Books can be collected from the Museum by prior arrangement.

Best wishes, and good luck!!

Jan Picton

paperback: p/b; hardback: h/b, out of print: o/p;
dust-jacket: d/j; (very) good condition: (v).g.c.; illustrations: ills; GBP : GB pounds

PETRIE MUSEUM PUBLICATIONS - for sale, not part of the auction

Helmy, M & Nisbet, E. Hidden Histories: objects of daily adornment, exhibition catalogue, Petrie Museum 2008, 48pp full colour booklet, GBP 5

Picton, J.E., Quirke, S. & Roberts P.C., Living Images: Egyptian Funerary Portraits in the Petrie Museum, Left Coast Press 2007, GBP 25 (GBP 20 for PMF members)

Picton, J.E. & Pridden, I.R. (eds) Unseen Images: Archive Photographs in the Petrie Museum, GHP 2008, GBP 25 (GBP 20 to PMF members)

Trope Excavating Egypt Great Discoveries from the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, University College, London. Ed. Betsy Teasley Trope. Michael C. Carlos Museum 2005. ISBN: 1928917062. GBP 25 (GBP 22.50 to PMF members)

Pioneering Women in Archaeology. Petrie U3A Project report, b/w. GBP 5 Without Amelia Edwards and Margaret Murray the Petrie Museum would not exist in the form that we know it today. A group of volunteers from the University of the Third Age (U3A) took part in a Shared Learning Project that investigated the lives of these two women. The team worked on archival documents at the Petrie Museum and visited other archives in London and Oxford, finding previously unpublished material. This booklet is their final report.

General / Classical / Ancient Near East

1. Baldry, H.C. Ancient Greek Literature in its Living Context, Thames & Hudson 1968, 144pp, 123 ills, BID GBP 2?

2. Boethius, A. Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture, (Pelican History of Art), Penguin 1978 p/b, 264pp, 186 b/w figs, good, BID GBP 4?

3. Bray, W. & Trump, D. Penguin Dictionary of Archaeology, 1970 p/b, BID GBP 2?

4. Browne, D. Principles and Practice in Modern Archaeology, London 1975 p/b, BID GBP 2?

5. Bushnell, G.H.S. The First Americans: the pre-Columbian Civilizations, Thames & Hudson 1978, 144pp, 138 ills, BID GBP 2?

6. Champion, S. A Dictionary of Terms and Techniques in Archaeology, Phaidon 1980 p/b, BID GBP 2?

7. Culican, W. First Merchant Venturers: the Ancient Levant in History and Commerce, Thames & Hudson 1966, 142pp, 139 ills, fair, BID GBP 2?

8. Herodotus: The Histories, Penguin 1968 p/b, BID GBP 2?

9. Higgins, R. Minoan and Mycenaean Art, Thames & Hudson World of Art Library, 1971 ed. 216pp, 241 b/w figs, good, BID GBP 4?

10. Hood, S. The Home of Heroes: the Aegean before the Greeks, Thames & Hudson 1974, 144pp, 122 ills, BID GBP 2?

11. Lloyd, S. Art of the Ancient Near East, T&H World of Art Library, h/b d/j, vgc. 302pp, 245 col. & b/w ills, BID GBP 8?

12. Lloyd, S. Early Highland Peoples of Anatolia, Thames & Hudson 1967, 142pp, 146 ills, BID GBP 2?

13. Mallowan, M.E.L. Early Mesopotamia and Iran, Thames & Hudson 1965, 142pp, 142 ills, BID GBP 2?

14. Mallowan, M.E.L. The Nimrud Ivories, BMP 1978 p/b, 62pp, 69 b/w ills, good, BID GBP 3?

15. Mellaart, J. Earliest Civilizations of the Ancient Near East, Library of Early Civilizations, London 1965 p/b 143pp, 108 ills colour & b/w, BID GBP 2?

16. Plutarch: The Age of Alexander, Penguin 1983 p/b, BID GBP 2?

17. Plutarch: the Rise and Fall of Athens, Penguin 1983 ed. p/b, BID GBP 2?

18. Von Deursen, A. Illustrated Dictionary of Bible Manners and Customs, Liverpool 1970 ed. p/b with film cover, fair, 142pp, BID GBP 2?

19. Ward-Perkins, J. Roman Imperial Architecture (Pelican History of Art), Penguin 1981 p/b, 532pp 316 b/w figs, good, BID GBP 4?

20. Xenophon: The Persian Expedition, Penguin 1972 p/b, BID GBP 2?


21. Adams, B. & Jaeschke, R. The Koptos Lions, Milwaukee Public Museum Contributions in Anthropology and History No. 3, January 1984, 32pp p/b booklet, 20 figs (includes a corpus of Predynastic lions in the round), spine faded, BID GBP 10?

22. Adams, B. Ancient Hierakonpolis Supplement, A&P 1974 p/b, 168pp (F.W. Green's mss and notes), BID GBP 10?

23. Adams, B. Ancient Hierakonpolis, A&P 1973 h/b, d/j, foxed top edge, 86pp + 48pls and plans, good, BID GBP 15?

24. Adams, B. Egyptian Objects in the Victoria and Albert Museum, A&P 1977 p/b, 50pp + 15 pls, good, BID GBP 8?

25. Aegyptische Museum Berlin, 1967 catalogue p/b, 1167 entries, many b/w ills, BID GBP 3?

26. Aldred, C. Akhenaten and Nefertiti, Thames & Hudson 1973 h/b with d/j, 240ppinc. 358 ills, 8 colour, vgc, BID GBP 8?

27. Aldred, C. Akhenaten, King of Egypt, Thames & Hudson 1988 h/b with d/j as new, 320pp, BID GBP 8?

28. Aldred, C. Egypt to the End of the old Kingdom, Thames & Hudson 1965, 142pp, 136 ills, BID GBP 5?

29. Allen, J.P. Middle Egyptian, An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, CUP 2000 p/b, as new, BID GBP 10?

30. Amarna Letters: Essays on Ancient Egypt c.1390-1310BC, Volume 1, KMT Publications 1991 p/b, 94pp, good, BID GBP 10?

31. Amarna Letters: Essays on Ancient Egypt c.1390-1310BC, Volume 2, KMT Publications 1992 p/b, 94pp, good, BID GBP 10?

32. Amarna Letters 3, Essays on Ancient Egypt c.1390-1310, KMT Publications 1994, 152pp, b/w ills., BID GBP 10?

33. Amarna Letters 4, Essays on Ancient Egypt c.1390-1310, KMT Publications 2000, 168pp, numerous colour and b/w ills, BID GBP 10?

34. Arnold, D. Royal Women of Amarna: Images of Beauty from Ancient Egypt, MMA New York 1997 h/b with d/j, 192pp, 124 ills, 68 in colour, vgc, BID GBP 10?

35. Badawy, A. A History of Egyptian Architecture: the Empire or the New Kingdom from the 18th Dynasty to the end of the 20th Dynasty, 1580-1085BC, U. Cal. 1968 h/b with d/j, 548pp with 2610 b/w figs. and drawings, good, BID GBP 8?

36. Bailey, D.M., Davies, W.V., Spencer A.J. British Museum Expedition to Middle Egypt: Ashmunein (1980), BMOP 37 1982 p/b, 20pp + 35 pls, vgc, BID GBP 10?

37. Bakir, A. El-M. Slavery in Pharaonic Egypt, Cahier No. 18, Supp. Annales du Services des Antiq. de l'Egypte, Cairo 1978 reprint of 1952 original, 128pp + 19pls, BID GBP 8?

38. Bierbrier, M.L. The Late New Kingdom in Egypt (c.1300-664BC): A Genealogical and Chronological Investigation, A&P h/b blue cloth & gilt, 160pp, foxed top edge, otherwise clean, BID GBP 20?

39. Bille-de Mot, E. The Age of Akhenaten (transl. J. Lindsay) London 1966 h/b d/j 200pp 24 col.pls. 96 b/w pls & Figs, damp to cover, good inside, BID GBP 5?

40. British Museum - A Guide to the Egyptian Collections in the British Museum, with 53 plates and 180 illustrations in the text, hard cover, spine taped, fair, BID GBP 2?

41. British Museum - A Guide to the Egyptian Galleries (Sculpture), with 39 plates and 46 illustrations in the text, 1909 hard cover, 352pp, boards repaired, spine missing, fair, BID GBP 2?

42. British Museum - A Guide to the First, Second and Third Egyptian Rooms, 3rd ed. 1924, 3 colour and 32 b/w pls, 170pp, good, BID GBP 4?

43. British Museum - A Guide to the Fourth, Fifth and Sixth Egyptian Room and Coptic Room, with 7 plates and 157 illustrations in the text, 1922 hard cover, 376pp, some foxing but good, BID GBP 4?

44. British Museum - Introductory Guide to the Egyptian Collections, 1964 p/b, film cover, 268pp, red ink annotations, fair, BID GBP 1?

45. Brunner-Traut, E. Die Altagyptische Grabkammer Seschemnofers III. Von Zabern 1977 p/b, 34pp + 30pls, vgc, BID GBP 8?

46. Budge, E.A.W. Some Account of the Collection of Egyptian Antiquities in the Possession of Lady Meux, of Theobald's Park, Waltham Cross. London: Harrison & Sons, 1896 2nd ed. (limited to 500 copies) with 34 pls. quatro, x + 119 pp., fold-out frontis, extensive in-text hieroglyphs. Gilt cloth, leather spine and corners. Some wear to corners, binding tight, overall very good. Rare. BID GBP 50?

47. Budge, E.A.W. The Greenfield Papyrus in the British Museum. The Funerary Papyrus of Princess Nesitanebtashru, Daughter of Painetchem II and Nesi-Khonsu, and Priestess of Amen-Ra at Thebes, about B.C.970. Reproduced in Collotype Facsimile, with Introduction and Description. London: Harrison & Sons 1912, first edition, cloth quarto, 116 collotype pls, small ink signature 'HM Stewart' on endpaper, cloth and gilt, upper corners bumped, but very good, BID GBP 50?

48. Bulletin of the Egyptian Exploration Society, Vols 1-34, sold as set, BID GBP 50?

49. Caiger, N. Amarna Royals, or Who was Nefertiti?, London n.d. 152pp, dedicated by the author, BID GBP 4?

50. Cambridge Ancient History supplements, rev. eds. of Vols I&II, sold as set. Baumgartel, E.J. Predynastic Egypt, 1965 40pp; Edwards, I.E.S. The Early Dynastic Period in Egypt, 1964 74pp; Stevenson Smith, W. The Old Kingdom in Egypt, 1965, 72pp; Hayes, W.C. The Middle Kingdom in Egypt, 1964, 96pp (pencil underlining); Hayes, W.C. Egypt from the Death of Ammenemes III to Seqenenre II, 1965, 44pp, (underlined); James, T.G.H. Egypt from the Expulsion of the Hyksos to Amenophis I, 1965 30pp (underlining); Hayes, W.C. Egypt: Internal Affairs from Tuthmosis I to the Death of Amenophis III, Part I, 1966, 54pp; Part II, 1962 72pp; Aldred, C. Egypt: The Amarna period and the End of the 18th Dynasty, 1971 60pp; Faulkner, R.O. Egypt: From the Inception of the 19th Dynasty to the death of Ramesses III, 1966 42pp; Cerny, J. Egypt: From the Death of Ramesses III to the end of the 21st Dynasty, 1965, 60pp, BID GBP 10?

51. Caminos, R.A. & James, T.G.H. Gebel Es-Silsila I: Archaeological Survey of Egypt 31st Memoir, EES 1963 quarto, 105pp + 75pls, vgc. BID GBP 20?

52. Caminos, R.A. A Tale of Woe, From a Hieratic Papyrus in the A S Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow Oxford GI 1977 folio h/b with d/j, 99pp + 13pls, vgc, BID GBP 20?

53. Carter, H. The Tomb of Tutankhamun, Sphere, London, 1972 ed. 17 colour 65 b/w pls, 234pp, poor, BID GBP 1?

54. Cerny, J & Groll S.I. A Late Egyptian Grammar, Studia Pohl 4, Rome 1975 p/b, 592pp, pencil annotations, fair, BID GBP 10?

55. Cerny, J. Tutankhamun's Tomb Series II: Hieratic Inscriptions from the Tomb of Tutankhamun, GI 1965 h/b, 30pp + 12 b/w pls, good, BID GBP 5?

56. Chubb, M. Nefertiti Lived Here, Libri 1998 reprint, p/b, vgc, BID GBP 5?

57. Cooney, J.D. Amarna Reliefs from Hermopolis in American Collections, Brooklyn 1965 cloth h/b, 110pp, 64pls and entries, VGC, BID GBP 15?

58. Davies, N de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part I: The Tomb of Meryra, (Archaeological Survey of Egypt, Thirteenth Memoir), EEF / Quaritch 1903, 56pp + 42pls, good, BID GBP 40?

59. Davies, N de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part II: The Tombs of Panhesy and Meryra II, (Archaeological Survey of Egypt, Fourteenth Memoir), EEF / Quaritch 1905, 48pp + 47pls, good, BID GBP 40?

60. Davies, N de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part III: The Tombs of Huya and Ahmes, (Archaeological Survey of Egypt, Fifteenth Memoir), Oxford 1973 reprint of EEF / Quaritch 1905, 56pp + 42pls, vgc, BID GBP 40?

61. Davies, N de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna, part IV: The Tombs of Penthu, Mahu and Others, (Archaeological Survey of Egypt, Sixteenth Memoir), EEF / Quaritch 1906, 45pls, Boards and spine dented and foxed, inside damp rippling to text pages but pls good, BID GBP 30?

62. Davies, N. de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna: Part V, Smaller Tombs and Boundary Stelae. EES 1973 reprint of 1908 original, Royal Quarto, cloth bound boards, 38pp + 44 pls, vgc. BID GBP 40?

63. Davies, N. de G. The Rock Tombs of El Amarna: Part VI, the Tombs of Parennefer, Tutu and Ay. EES 18th Memoir, 1975 reprint of 1908 original, Royal Quarto, cloth bound boards, 44pp + 44 pls, vgc. BID GBP 40?

64. Davies, W.V. The Statuette of Queen Tetisheri: a Reconsideration. BMOP 1984 p/b, 13pp+23pls, vgc. BID GBP 8?

65. Davies, W.V., El-Khouli, A. , Lloyd, A.B. & Spencer, A.J. Saqqara Tombs I: The Mastabas of Merer and Wernu, EES 1984 h/b, d/j, 37pp + 40pls, vgc. BID GBP 15?

66. Dawson, W.R. Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum I: Mummies and Human Remains, British Museum 1968, 44pp + 37pls, good, BID GBP 20?

67. Desroches-Noblecourt, C. Tutankhamun, Life and Death of a Pharaoh, London 1964, 3rd impression, h/b, d/j, film cover, 75 colour ills, good, BID GBP 5?

68. Downes, D. The Excavations at Esna 1905-1906, A&P 1974 h/b with d/j, 115pp inc 103 figs + inventory, index of names and title, foxing to top edges otherwise vgc, BID GBP 10?

69. Dunham, D. & Kelly Simpson, W. The Mastaba of Queen Merysankh III, G7530-7540. Giza Mastabas Volume I, MFA Boston 1974 quarto with d/j, 26pp+34pls 16 figs, vgc, BID GBP 20?

70. Edwards, A.B. A Thousand Miles up the Nile, London, 1982 p/b reprint of the 1888 2nd edition. p/b in film cover, good, BID GBP 4?

71. Edwards, I.E.S. The Treasures of Tutankhamun, BM exhib. catl, 1972, p/b, good, 50 entries with b/w ills, 16 colour pls, BID GBP 5?

72. Egyptian Museum Cairo: a Brief Description of the Principal Monuments, 1937, h/b 141pp of entries + objects from the Tomb of Tutankhamun, fair, BID GBP 5?

73. El Kab, guidebook. Cairo n.d. English and Arabic description. Colour pls, BID GBP 1

74. El-Fikey, S.A. The Tomb of the Vizier Re-Wer at Saqqara, A&P 1980 p/b, 54pp + 23 b/w pls, good, BID GBP 10?

75. Emery, W.B. Archaic Egypt, Pelican 1963 p/b, good, BID GBP 1?

76. Emery, W.B. Excavations at Saqqara. Great Tombs of the First Dynasty, II, EES 1954 (3504 Djet; 3503 Merneith), 171pp, 66pls some fold out, good, BID GBP 40?

77. Emery, W.B. Excavations at Saqqara. Great Tombs of the First Dynasty, III, EES 1958 (3505 Ka'a; 3507 Herneith), 109pp, 123pls some fold out, good, BID GBP 40?

78. Erman, A. Neuaegyptische Grammatik, zweite vollig umgestaltete Auflage. Leipzig 1933 cloth h/b, 461pp, boards grubby, inside clean, BID GBP 10?

79. Fakhry, A. The Egyptian Deserts: the Necropolis of El-Bagawat in Kharga Oasis, Service des Antiquities de L'Egypte, Cairo 1951 202pp. 48pls, 263 entries, 125 figs, many fold out figs and plans, boards foxed, spine and corners dented but sound, inside clean, BID GBP 20?

80. Fakhry, A. The Oases of Egypt, Volume I: Siwa Oasis, AUCP 1973 h/b with d/j, 214pp, 81 b/w figs, fair, BID GBP 10?

81. Fakhry, A. The Oases of Egypt, Volume II: Bahriyah and Farafra Oasis, AUCP 1974 h/b with d/j, 190pp, 85 b/w figs, fair, BID GBP 10?

82. Faulkner, R.O. Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, Supplement of Hieroglyphic Texts, OUP 1969, 88 pls of h/g texts, h/b d/j top edge foxed inside clean, BID GBP 10?

83. Faulkner, R.O. Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Oxford 1962 h/b, spine broken, boards loose, inside good, BID GBP 2?

84. Faulkner, R.O. The Ancient Egyptian Coffin Texts Volume I: Spells 1-354; A&P 1973 h/b d/j, 285pp, good; Volume II: Spells 355-787, A&P 1977, 308pp, good; Volume III: Spells 788-1185 & Index, 204pp, good. 3 volumes BID GBP 25?

85. Fischer, H.G. Egyptian Studies I: Varia, MMA New York 1976, f/b with d/j, 126pp, cover faded but vgc, BID GBP 15?

86. Fischer, H.G. Egyptian Studies II: The Orientation of Hieroglyphs, Part I. Reversals. MMA New York 1977 h/b with d/j, 147pp + 126pls, board corners dented, faded, but good inside, BID GBP 15?

87. Fougerousse, J-L. Etudes sur les Constructions de Tanis, offprint Kemi V 1935: 19-63, BID GBP 1?

88. Frankfort, H. & Pendlebury, J.D.S. The city of Akhenaten. II: The North Suburb and the Desert Altars. The Excavations at Tell El-Amarna during the Seasons 1926-1932, London, Egypt Exploration Society 40th memoir, 1972 reprint of 1933 original. Quarto. 122pp + 58pls, some useful pencil annotations, otherwise excellent, BID GBP 40?

89. Frankfort, H., De Buck, A., Gunn, B. The Cenotaph of Seti I at Abydos, Volume I, Text (96pp), vgc, Volume II Plates (93pls) , foxed edges, boards clean, inside clean, EES 1933 39th Memoir, reprint, BID GBP 25?

90. Freed, R. et al. Pharaohs of the Sun: Akhenaten, Nefertiti, Tutankhamun, Thames & Hudson 1999, h/b with d/j, 316pp, 452 ills 431 in colour, vgc, BID GBP 10?

91. Gaballa, G.A. The Memphite Tomb-Chapel of Mose, A&P 1977 h/b with d/j, 40pp + 63 pls, vgc, BID GBP 10?

92. Gardiner, A.H. & Peet, T.E. The Inscriptions of Sinai, Part I: Introduction and Plates, EES 1952 folio, 2nd ed. Revised and augmented by J. Cerny, h/b, 22pp + 96 b/w pls some double pages, maps and plans, good, rare BID GBP 50?

93. Gardiner, A.H. & Weigall, A.E.P. A Topographical Catalogue of the Private Tombs of Thebes, London Quaritch 1913 h/b, 45pp + 15 pls, vgc, BID GBP 20?

94. Gardiner, A.H. Ancient Egyptian Onomastica, Volume I: Text. OUP 1968 reprint of 1947 original xxiii, 70pp. + 215pp. of autographed text, 5 illustrations, map, d/j scuffed. vgc, BID GBP 30?

95. Gardiner, A.H. Ancient Egyptian Onomastica, Volume II: Text. iv,324pp. 3 illustrations, 5 maps, index, d/j. OUP 1968 reprint of 1947 original, d/j scuffed and split but good inside, BID GBP 30?

96. Gardiner, A.H. Ancient Egyptian Onomastica, Volume III, Plates, OUP 1968 folio h/b and d/j, 27pls and transcriptions, vgc, BID GBP 30?

97. Gardiner, A.H. The Library of Chester Beatty: Description of a Hieratic Papyrus with a Mythological Story, love-songs, and other miscellaneous texts, Chester Beatty Papyri, No. 1. with thirty-one plates in monochrome and thirty in line by Emery Walker Ltd. OUP 1931, fine folio, frontispiece, 45pp + 60 double plates photos of text and transcriptions, cream buckram with gilt spine, paper wrapper, hand cut pages, edges frayed, some foxing to top edge but inside immaculate. BID GBP 75?

98. Gardiner, A.H. The Ramesseum Papyri, Plates, Oxford Griffith Institute 1955 folio, 18pp+64pls, many with transcriptions, faded spine otherwise vgc, BID GBP 40?

99. Glanville, S.R.K. (rev. and completed by R.O. Faulkner) Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum II: Wooden Model Boats, British Museum 1972 folio, h/b, d/j, 75pp + 12pls, good, BID GBP 30?

100. Gohary, J. Akhenaten's Sed-Festival at Karnak, KPI 1992 h/b d/j 238pp + 110pls of talatat, (tabulated comments from PG) BID GBP 15?

101. Grinsell, L.V. Guide Catalogue to the Collection from Ancient Egypt in City Museums Bristol, 1972, 86pp, 37figs, BID GBP 1?

102. Groll, S.I. The Negative Verbal System of Late Egyptian, Oxford 1970 h/b 260pp, vgc, BID GBP 10?

103. Guide to the Egyptian Museum Cairo, c.1964 p/b, 210pp, fair, BID GBP 1?

104. Gulbenkian Museum of Oriental Art and Architecture, University of Durham, booklet, 19pp, BID GBP 1

105. Habachi, L. The Obelisks of Egypt: Skyscrapers of the Past, Dent London 1978 h/b with d/j, 198pp, 50pls, foxed edges, good, BID GBP 5?

106. Haeny, G. Beitrage zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung dun Altertumskunde, Hefte 11, Untersuchungen im Totentempel Amenophis III, Wiesbaden 1981, 122pp + 42pls, vgc, BID GBP 15?

107. Harris, J.R. Legacy of Egypt, 2nd ed. Oxford 1971, h/b in d/j, vgc, BID GBP 4?

108. Hassan, S. & Farid, S. Excavations at Giza, Season 1936, 1937, 1938, Volume IX: The Mastabas of the Eighth Season and their description, Cairo 1960 p/b 106pp, 41 figs, 50 b/w pls, large map of Giza excavations in slip cover at back, 6 loose plans of tombs, soft paper covers torn and grubby, inside sound, rare, BID GBP 10?

109. Hayes, W.C. Ostraka and Name Stones from the Tomb of Sen-Mut (No. 71) at Thebes. MMA Egyptian Expedition. Arno Press, New York, 1973. Hardcover. Quarto; viii, 57 pages and 33 plates Facsimile reprint of 1942 edition; photographs by Harry Burton. vgc. BID GBP 20?

110. Hayes, W.C. Scepter of Egypt: A Background Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art from the Earliest Times to the End of the Middle Kingdom, MMA 1978 4th printing, p/b, 352pp and indexes, good, BID GBP 15?

111. Hayes, W.C. Scepter of Egypt: A Background Study of the Egyptian Antiquities in the Metropolitan Museum of Art from the Hyksos Period and the new Kingdom, MMA 1968 ed. h/b with d/j, scuffed but clean inside, 496pp, good, BID GBP 15?

112. Hickmann, H. La Trompette dans l'Egypte Ancienne, Cahier No. 1, Supp. Annales du Services des Antiq. de l'Egypte, Cairo 1978 re-issue of 1946 original, 75pp booklet, BID GBP 5?

113. Hodges, H. Technology in the Ancient World, Penguin 1971 p/b, 260pp, 265 b/w figs, good, BID GBP 10?

114. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology Volume 1, 1914 - Volume 86, 2000. Sold as set. Offers. (early volumes mostly EES reprints from the late 60s and 70s) (buyer to collect), BID?

115. Kelly Simpson, W. Mastabas of the Western Cemetery: Part I, (Sekhemka G1029; Tjetu I G2001; Iasen G2196, Penmeru G2197; Hagy, Nefertjentet and Herunefer G2352/53; Djaty, Tjetu II, and Nimesti G2337x, 2343, 2366), Giza Mastabas Volume 4, MFA Boston 1980 folio, 37pp + 61 pls some fold out, 52 figs, BID GBP 25?

116. Kelly Simpson, W. Publications of the Pennsylvania-Yale Expedition to Egypt, Number 1: Heka-Nefer and the Dynastic Material from Toshka and Arminna, Phil. & New York 1963 h/b, d/j, 56pp, 26 b/w pls, 42 figs, VGC, BID GBP 25?

117. Kelly Simpson, W. The Mastabas of Kawab, Khafkhufu I & II, G7110-20, 7130-40, and 7150 and subsidiaries of Street G7100. Giza Mastabas Volume 3, MFA Boston 1978, 34pp + 47 pls, 72 figs, vgc BID GBP 25?

118. Kelly Simpson, W. The Mastabas of Qar and Idu, G7101 and 7102, Giza Mastabas Volume 2, MFA Boston 1976 quarto with d/j, 31pp + 34pls, 43 figs, vgc. BID GBP 25?

119. Kelly Simpson, W. The Offering Chapel of Sekhem-ankh-Ptah in the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, 1976 p/b. 19pp + 16 b/w pls + 4 fold out pls, good, BID GBP 8?

120. Kemp, B.J. & Garfi, S. A Survey of the Ancient City of El-Amarna, 1993. Egypt Exploration Society Occasional Publications, Number 9. Quarto. 112pp. Hardcover, bound in the original publisher's full ochre cloth, black lettering. Maps: a set of 9 very large, folding single-sheet coloured maps, comprising of 8 Sectional Sheets and one General Map in the original ochre cloth slipcase. Immaculate. BID GBP 40?

121. Kemp, B.J. Amarna Reports II, EES 1985 p/b, 204pp, vgc, BID GBP 10?

122. Kemp, B.J. Amarna Reports III, EES 1986 p/b, 204pp, vgc, BID GBP 10?

123. Kemp, B.J. Amarna Reports IV, EES 1987p/b, 204pp, vgc, BID GBP 10?

124. Kemp, B.J. Amarna Reports VI, EES 1995 p/b, 204pp, vgc, BID GBP 10?

125. Killen, G. Ancient Egyptian Furniture, Volume I: 4000-1300BC, A&P 1980 cloth h/b, film cover, vgc. BID GBP 10?

126. Kitchen, K.A. Ramesside Inscriptions Historical and Bibliographical, Fascicle I: 1-8; II: 1-24; III: 1-28; IV: 1-15: V: 1-19; VI: 1-29; VII: 1-16; VIII: 1-10, Oxford. Sold as set of 150 fascicles, BID GBP 100?

127. KMT A Modern Journal of Ancient Egypt, Volume 1 - Volume 20 (3), including index volume, sold as set of 79 issues, BID GBP 100?

128. Lauer. J-P. Saqqara: The Royal Cemetery of Memphis. Excavations and Discoveries since 1850, Thames & Hudson 1976 h/b with d/j, 248pp,175 ills., vgc, BID GBP 25?

129. Lauffray, J. Karnak d'Egypte: Domaine du Divin, Edn CNRS 1979 p/b, 242pp, 192 pls & figs, folded colour plates of the Akhenaten talatat in Luxor Museum, vgc, BID GBP 20?

130. Leahy, M.A. Excavations at Malkata and the Birket Habu: the Inscriptions 1971-1974, A&P 1978, foxed endpapers and edges, good inside, BID GBP 8?

131. Lehner, M. The Complete Pyramids, Thames & Hudson 1995 h/b with d/j, 556 ills, 83 in colour, vgc, BID GBP 8?

132. Mahmud, A. El-S. A New Temple for Hathor at Memphis, A&P 1978 p/b, 21pp + 19pls, 18 figs, foxed edges, good inside, BID GBP 8?

133. Martin, G.T. Egyptian Administrative and Private-Name Seals Principally of the Middle Kingdom and Second Intermediate Period, GI 1971 h/b, 203pp + 57 b/w pls, vgc, BID GBP 15?

134. Martin, G.T. The Royal Tomb at El-Amarna I: the Objects, (Rock Tombs of El-Amarna Part VII) EES 1974 cloth h/b, 483 object illustrations b/w, 6 pls, 124pp, pencil annotations, spine faded but vgc, BID GBP 25?

135. Martin, G.T. The Royal Tomb at El-Amarna II: the Reliefs, Inscriptions and Architecture (with plans and sections by M Lehner), (Rock Tombs of El-Amarna series) EES 1989 h/b, d/j, 70pp, 91pls, 506 b/w illustrations, d/j faded but inside vgc, BID GBP 20?

136. Martin, G.T. The Tomb of Hetepka and other Reliefs and Inscriptions from the Sacred Animal Necropolis at North Saqqara 1964-1973, EES 1979 h/b with d/j, 142pp, 86 b/w pls, vgc, BID GBP 10

137. Megally, M. Considerations sur les variations et la transformation des Formes Hieratiques du Papyrus E3226 du Louvre, IFAO 1971 p/b, 64pp + 52 pls, spine detached, top edge foxed, fair, BID GBP 8?

138. Mercer, S.A.B. Literary Criticism of the Pyramid Texts, (assesses the literary value of the Pyramid texts and discusses what they reveal about Egyptian ritual practices and religious concepts ) London Luzac 1956 h/b, 122pp, foxed endpapers, clean boards, clean inside, BID GBP 5?

139. Michalowski, K. Karnak, London 1970 h/b with d/j, film cover, 30pp + 89 b/w pls, good, BID GBP 8?

140. Montet, P. La Necropole Royale de Tanis. Tome premiere, Les Constructions et le tombeau de Osorkon II a Tanis. Paris 1947, folio with green boards, 101pp, 61 pls 28 figs, pencil annotations (PG) (earlier ink annotations neatly tippexed out, good copy, BID GBP 25?

141. Montet, P. La Necropole Royale de Tanis. Tome second, Les Constructions et le tombeau de Psousennes a Tanis. Paris 1951, folio197pp, 139 pls and plans, pencil annotations (PG) (earlier ink annotations neatly tippexed out, good copy, BID GBP 25?

142. Montet, P. Les Constructions et le Tombeau de Chechonq III a Tanis. Fouilles de Tanis. Paris 1960. 10499 + 61pls, vgc. BID GBP 25?

143. Morenz, S. Egyptian Religion, Methuen 1973 ed. h/b, d/j, foxed edges, good inside, 380pp, BID GBP 4?

144. National Geographic Magazine October 2002, 'Death on the Nile', special on Saqqara. BID GBP 2?

145. Naville, E. Bubastis, EEF Eighth Memoir 1889-90, London Trubner, 1891, 72pp + 54pls, edges grubby, inside clean, BID GBP 20?

146. Naville, E. The Festival Hall of Osorkon II in the Great Temple of Bubastis (1887-1889). EEF Tenth memoir, London Trubner 1982, pencil annotations, edges grubby but boards and inside clean, good, BID GBP 30?

147. Naville, E. The Shrine of Saft el Henneh and the land of Goshen (1885), EEF Fifth Memoir, London Quaritch 1888, 26pp + 11 plates, some folding, some foxing, corners dented, good, BID GBP 15?

148. Naville, E. The XIth Dynasty Temple of Deir el Bahari, Part III. Plates LVI-LXXXVI: End of the Northern Half and Southern Half of the Middle Platform, EEF / Quaritch London 1898 folio, 22pp + pls, boards and endpapers foxed, spine edges dented, inside sound, rare, BID GBP 40?

149. Naville, E. The XIth Dynasty Temple of Deir el Bahari, Part V, Plates CXIX-CCL: The Upper Court and Sanctuary, EEF / Quaritch London 1906, 12pp + pls, spine foxed frayed at edges, otherwise good, rare, BID GBP 40?

150. Naville, E. The XIth Dynasty Temple of Deir el Bahari, Part VI, with architectural description by Somers Clarke. Plates CLI-CLXXIV: the Lower Terrace, Additions and Plans, 29th Memoir, EEF / Quaritch London 1908, 90pp folio with twenty-four double-page plates of architectural detail. rear boards, endpapers and last plan damp stained, front board faded, spine frayed at edges, otherwise good, rare, BID GBP 40?

151. Neugebauer, O. & Parker, A. Egyptian Astronomical Texts II: The Ramesside Star Clocks, Rhode Island and London 1964, 78pp + 67pls, vgc, BID GBP 20?

152. Nims, F. & Swaan, W. Thebes of the Pharaohs: Pattern for Every City, London 1965 h/b, d/j and film cover, 208pp + 100 ills, excellent, BID GBP 10?

153. Ockinga, B.G. A Tomb from the Reign of Tutankhamun at Akhmim, ACE Reports 10, A&P 1977 p/b, 66pp + 74pls, vgc, BID GBP 10?

154. Omm Sety & H. El Zeini, Abydos: Holy City of Ancient Egypt, California 1981 h/b, 282pp, numerous ills., scuffed but good, rare BID GBP 10?

155. Page, A. Egyptian Sculpture: Archaic to Saite: from the Petrie Collection, A&P 1976 h/b with d/j, film cover, 175 entries with b/w ills, 124pp, vgc BID GBP 10?

156. Peet, T.E., Woolley, C.L., Battiscombe Gunn & P.L.O Guy. The
City of Akhenaten Part I: Excavations of 1921 and 1922 at El-'Amarneh, 38th Memoir of The Egypt Exploration Society. London 1923. Royal Quarto 176 pp., 64 pls. Pencil annotations, good condition. Rare BID GBP 75?

157. Pendlebury, J.D., Tell El-Armana (sic) London 1935 h/b, good, BID GBP 10

158. Pendlebury, J.D.S. The City of Akhenaten, Part III: the Central City and the Official Quarters. The Excavations at Tell El-Amarna during the Seasons 1926-1927 and 1931-1936, London, Egypt Exploration Society, 1951. Two volumes. Quarto. Pp. xviii, 261, with 28 text figures; xii, plus 112 plates, some folding. Hardcover, cloth-backed boards. Useful pencil annotation of museum locations of objects. BID GBP 80?

159. Petrie, H.F. & Murray, M.A. Seven Memphite Tomb Chapels, BSAE Volume LXV, London Quaritch 1952, 28pp + 28pls, endpapers foxed, spine faded, boards sound, BID GBP 15?

160. Petrie, W.M.F. & Mace, A.C. Diaspolis Parva: the Cemetery of Abadiyeh and Hu 1898-9, EEF 1901, reprinted 1972, 62pp + 48pls, foxed top, but vgc, BID GBP 25?

161. Petrie, W.M.F. Abydos, Part I 1902, EEF 22nd Memoir 1902, photographic reprint 1978, 60pp + 80pls, top edge foxed, otherwise vgc, BID GBP 25?

162. Petrie, W.M.F. Deshasheh 1897, EEF Fifteenth Memoir, London Quaritch 1898, 52pp + 37pls, endpapers and top edges fixed, inside clean, BID GBP 20?

163. Petrie, W.M.F. The Royal Tombs of the First Dynasty, 1900 (Part I), 18th Memoir, 1975 reprint, 51pp + 67pls, foxed edges but vgc; Part II 1901, 21st Memoir, 1975 reprint, 56pp + 63 pls, vgc, BID 2 vols GBP 60?

164. MEMPHIS I - Petrie, W.M.F. Memphis I, ERA 14th Year 1908, BSAE 1909, quarto 26pp + 54pls, ex libris plate, foxed, spine faded, boards grubby, BID GBP 20?

165. MEMPHIS II - Petrie, W.M.F. The Palace of Apries (Memphis II), ERA Fifteenth Year 1909, BSAE 1909, London Quaritch, 26pp + 34pls, endpapers foxed, spine faded, boards grubby, BID GBP 20?

166. MEMPHIS III - Petrie, W.M.F., Mackay, E. & Wainwright, G. Meydum and Memphis (III), ERA Sixteenth Year 1910, BSAE London Quaritch 1910, 48pp + 47pls, foxed endpapers, spine faded, boards grubby, BID GBP 20?

167. MEMPHIS V- Petrie, W.M.F. Wainwright, G. & Gardiner, A.H. Tarkhan I and Memphis V, ERA Eighteenth Year, BSAE London Quaritch 1913, 40pp + 81pls, foxed, spine faded, grubby, BID GBP 20?

168. MEMPHIS VI - Engelbach, R. Riqqeh and Memphis VI, ERA Nineteenth Year 1913, London Quaritch 1915, 38pp + 61 pls, library plate, spine faded, ends grubby but plates clean, BID GBP 20?

169. Piankoff, A. (completed by H. Jacquet-Gordon), The Wandering of the Soul. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations Volume 6, Bollingen Series XL: 6, Princeton 1974 h/b with d/j, top edge slightly foxed but otherwise vgc, 124pp, 48pls, BID GBP 20?

170. Piankoff, A. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations, Volume 3: Mythological Papyri. Texts. Translated with Introductions by Alexandre Piankoff. Edited, with a chapter on the symbolism of the papyri, by N. Rambova. Part I: Texts; Part II: Plates. 2 volumes boxed, Bollingen Series XL, Pantheon Books. Slipcase grubby, books immaculate. BID GBP 40?

171. Piankoff, A. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations, Volume 1: The Tomb of Ramesses VI. Texts. Translated with Introductions by Alexandre Piankoff. Edited by N. Rambova. Part I: Texts; Part II: Plates. 2 volumes boxed, Bollingen Series XL, Pantheon Books. Slipcase grubby, books immaculate. BID GBP 50?

172. Piankoff, A. The Litany of Re: Text and Translation with commentary, Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations Volume 4, Bollingen Series XL: 4, Part I, 63pp, 21pls, Part II 182pp, (papyri of User-hatmes, Nany, Paser, Tsay-Nefer) Pantheon 1964 h/b with d/j, top edge slightly foxed but otherwise vgc, BID GBP 20?

173. Piankoff, A. The Shrines of Tut-Ankh-Amon. Egyptian Religious Texts and Representations, Volume 2, Bollingen Series XL, Volume 2 Pantheon 1955 quarto h/b 149pp + 64pls, 50 figs, slipcase faded, book vgc. BID GBP 30?

Porter, B. and Moss R.B. Topographical Bibliography of Ancient Egypt, Hieroglyphic Texts, Reliefs and Paintings, Oxford GI, 2nd eds revised by J. Malek, generally good, pencil annotations, repairs to dustjackets,

174. I. The Theban Necropolis, Part I: Private Tombs, 2nd ed., 1970 (d/j much repaired); BID GBP 10?

175. I. The Theban Necropolis II: Royal Tombs and Smaller Cemeteries, 2nd ed. Revised and enlarged, 1964; BID GBP 10?

176. II. Theban Temples, 2nd rev. & augmented, 1972; BID GBP 10?

177. III. Memphis, Part I: Abu Rawash to Abusir, 2nd ed. Rev. augm., 1974; BID GBP 10?

178. III/2. Memphis Part 2. Saqqara to Dahshur, Fascicle 1 (III2.393-574), 2nd ed. rev. augm. 1978 p/b; BID GBP 10?

179. Fascicle 2 (III.2. 575-776) 1978 p/b; BID GBP 10?

180. Fascicle 3 (III.2.777-1014) 1978 p/b. BID GBP 10?

181. IV. Lower Egypt and Middle Egypt, 1986 rev.ed. BID GBP 10?

182. V. Upper Egypt: Sites, 1962; BID GBP 10?

183. VI. Upper Egypt: Chief Temples, 1970, BID GBP 10?

184. VII. Nubia, Deserts and outside Egypt, 1962. BID GBP 10?

185. Posener-Krieger, P. & de Cenival, J.L. Hieratic Papyri in the British Museum, Fifth Series: The Abu Sir Papyri, BM 1968 folio h/b, cloth cover, 104 pls and transcriptions, 17 pls of palaeography, 52pp introduction and description of pls, spine faded but vgc, BID GBP 25?

186. Redford, D. Akhenaten, the Heretic King, Princeton 1984 h/b d/j 256pp, 19 figs 48pls, (contains personal note from J Samson to PG), vgc, BID GBP 8?

187. Redford, D.B. Akhenaten Temple Project, Volume I, Initial Discoveries, A&P 1976 h/b with d/j, 181pp+95pls, VGC, BID GBP 15?

188. Reeves, N. & Wilkinson, R.H. The Complete Valley of the Kings: Tombs and Temples of Egypt's Greatest Pharaohs, Thames & Hudson 1996 h/b d/j, as new, 224 pp, as new, BID GBP 8?

189. Reeves, N. The Complete Tutankhamun. The King, The Tomb, the Royal Treasures. Thames & Hudson 1995 p/b, 224pp, numerous ills, vgc, BID GBP 8?

190. Reymond, E.A.E. The Mythological Origin of the Egyptian Temple, Cambridge 1969 h/b, d/j, 355pp, foxed edges, fair, BID GBP 4?

191. Ricke, H. Beitrage zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, Hefte 7, Enthaelt: Das Sonnenheiligtum des Konigs Userkaf, Band I, Cairo 1965, 54pp + 33pls and plans, cover frayed, inside sound, BID GBP 15?

192. Ricke, H. Beitrage zur Aegyptischen Bauforschung und Altertumskunde, Hefte 8, Enthaelt: Das Sonnenheiligtum des Konigs Userkaf, Band II, Wiesbaden 1969, 148pp + 8pls,good, BID GBP 15?

193. Riefstahl, E. Ancient Egyptian Glass and Glazes in the Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn 1968, Quarto, cloth h/b, 114pp and concordance, 93 catalogue entries with ills in b/w and colour, vgc, BID GBP 5?

194. Rowe, A. with Drioton, E. Discovery of the Famous Temple and Enclosure of Serapis at Alexandria / An Explanation of the Enigmatic Inscriptions on the Serapeum Plaques of Ptolemy IV, Cairo 1946 p/b, cover torn and faded, inside fair, 116pp + 18pls, BID GBP 10

195. Ruffle, J. Gaballa, G.A. & Kitchen, K.A. (eds) Glimpses of Ancient Egypt: studies in Honour of H.W. Fairman, A&P 1979 cloth h/b, 202pp, vgc, BID GBP 10?

196. Samson, J. Amarna: City of Akhenaten and Nefertiti: Key Pieces from the Petrie Collection, A&P 1972, h/b with d/j, film cover, 110pp inc 55 pls, 104 figs, pencil annotations, vgc, BID GBP 30?

197. Samson, J. Nefertiti and Cleopatra: Queen-Monarchs of Egypt, Rubicon 1985 p/b, vgc, BID GBP 8?

198. Sauneron, S. Le Papyrus Magique Illustre de Brooklyn (B.M. 47.218.156), Brooklyn 1970 h/b, 30pp + 5 photog. pls and transcriptions (fold out), good, BID GBP 10?

199. Seele, K.C. The Tomb of Thanefer at Thebes, Chicago 1959 folio, 10pp + 41 pls, boards grubby but clean inside, BID GBP 20

200. Seton-Williams, V. El-Amarna, London n.d. 56pp booklet, good, BID GBP 3?

201. Shennum, D. English-Egyptian Index of Faulkner's Concise Dictionary of Middle Egyptian, Undena 1977 p/b, 78pp, good, BID GBP 10?

202. Spencer, A.J., Andrews, R.D. & Bailey, D.M. Excavations at El Ashmunein I, The Topography of the Site, Booklet and Map in card folder, BMP 1982(?), BID GBP 10?

203. Spencer, A.J., Bailey, D.M. British Museum Expedition to Middle Egypt: Ashmunein (1984), BMOP No. 61 1985, 116pp inc 57 figs, 18 pls, BID GBP 10?

204. Stevenson Smith, W. The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt. Pelican History of Art 1965, h/b with d/j in slip case, 300pp inc. 192pls, scuffed and well-used, fair, BID GBP 10?

205. Stewart, H.M. Egyptian Stelae, Reliefs and paintings from the Petrie Collection. Part One: New Kingdom, A&P 1976 h/b with d/j, 72pp+53pls, good, BID GBP 10?

206. Stewart, H.M. Egyptian Stelae, Reliefs and paintings from the Petrie Collection. Part Two: Archaic Period to the Second Intermediate Period, A&P 1979 h/b, 44pp+41pls, good, BID GBP 10?

207. Stewart, H.M. Egyptian Stelae, Reliefs and paintings from the Petrie Collection. Part Three: The Late Period, A&P 1983 h/b with d/j, 44pp + 48pls, vgc, BID GBP 10?

208. Stewart, H.M. Mummy Cases and Inscribed Funerary Cones in the Petrie Collection, A&P 1986 p/b, 83pp + 25pls, concordance and index, as new, BID GBP 10?

209. Studies Presented to F.Ll. Griffith, EES 1932 h/b d/j, 502pp, hand-cut papers, foxed edges but very good inside (contributions from a who's who of 1930s Egyptology), BID GBP 15?

210. Varille, A. Inscriptions Concernant l'Architecte Amenhotep fils de Hapou, Cairo IFAO 1968 p/b, 164pp, 14pls, Fair, BID GBP 20?

211. Verner, M. Forgotten Pharaohs, Lost Pyramids: Abusir. Prague 1994, h/b with d/j, 244pp numerous col. and b/w ills, vgc. BID GBP 10?

212. Walters, C.C. An Elementary Coptic Grammar, Oxford 1976 ed. h/b 86pp, good BID GBP 10?

213. Wendorff, D. Contributions to the Prehistory of Nubia, Dallas 1965 p/b, 164pp, good, BID GBP 4?

214. Zaki Nour, M. Iskander, Z. et al. The Cheops Boats, part I. Cairo 1960 Folio h/b. 72 pp + 67b/w pls dome folded. Outside boards damp stained but inside sound, very rare BID GBP 20?

Update: Temple Mill, Leeds

Thanks to Bob Partridge for letting me know the actual state of play with the wonderful Temple Mill, modelled on Edfu, that I posted about yesterday.

Bob says that it has not yet been been restored, but that work has now started. He was able to visit just before the work began and the place will be off limits for around three years. Part of the mill had actually collapsed and a lot of work will be needed. Bob says that although this work will involve restoration it will also include the demolition of some parts of the building. It will be interesting to see what emerges!

Ancient Egypt magazine (of which Bob is the Editor, of course) will have something about it in the December issue of Ancient Egypt magazine.

Feature: Sandro Vannini's photos of Seti I tomb

Heritage Key:
First Pillared Room
Ceiling of the Burial Chamber

With photos shown in relation to the plan of the tomb. Each link is accompanied by a different summary.

One of the best preserved and most decorated tombs in the Valley of the Kings is that of Seti I, adorned with hieroglyphics and colourful paintings on every passageway and chamber wall. In this first post on the Seti I tomb, we look at stunning photography by Sandro Vannini taken in the First Pillared Hall section of the tomb.

Years of archaeological excavations have damaged the tomb and as a result, it has now been closed to the public. That means the only way to enjoy the beauty of Tomb KV17 is through photography, and who better to send down there than world-class photographer Sandro Vannini! An expert in photography of some of Egypt's most valuable treasures, such as the Golden Mask of Tutankhamun, Sandro has mastered the art of capturing ancient artefacts at their best.

Heritage Key is working with Sandro to bring his photography online for you to enjoy, and be able to see the artefacts from the comfort of your own chair. You can also find out the latest news from the excavations of Seti I's tomb in a video with Dr. Zahi Hawass at the bottom of the page.

Resources: various

Thanks to Tony Cagle's ArchaeoBlog for these.

Archaeology of Ancient Beer
Delwen Samuel

Palaeoepidemiology, literacy, and medical tradition among necropolis workmen in New Kingdom Egypt.
R L Miller
We are fortunate in having a number of sources for reconstructing the epidemiology of occupational diseases in pharaonic Egypt and the religious, magical, and medical means of treatment available to workmen engaged in various projects and tasks. In addition to the inscriptions which the leaders and personnel of official expeditions often left in the desert,1 we have a rich collection of records and monuments from the community of workmen at Deir el Medina, which give an indication of the number of working days lost through sickness,2 the accidents and health problems the workers suffered from, and even the means ofmagical, ritual, and medical treatment they had at their disposal.3 From the Egyptian medical texts we have an idea of the range of health problems which were diagnosed and treated

Investigation of Ancient Egyptian Baking and Brewing Methods by Correlative Microscopy
Delwen Samuel
Ancient Egyptian methods of baking and brewing are investigated by optical and scanning electron microscopy of desiccated bread loaves and beer remains. The resultssuggest that current conceptions about ancient Egyptian bread and beer making should be modified. Bread was made not only with flour from raw grain, but sometimes also with malt and with yeast. Brewing blended cooked and uncooked malt with water; the mixture was strained free of husk before inoculation with yeast.

Estimating Osteological Health in Ancient Egyptian Bone via Applications of Modern Radiological Technology
Carol Haigh
This paper offers a process evaluation of the use of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in the study of ancient human remains. The study was undertaken to assess the potential use of the DXA technique as a non-invasive and non-destructive method of assessing bone health in an ancient population: poor diet, for example, could reasonably be expected to affect bone density.

Reader request: Mummy magnet

I've had a request from a visitor to the blog as follows:

Hi Andie,

I just returned from Egypt and loved it (I like your photo at Abu Simbel!!) I’ve been searching on the internet for this toy that EVERYBODY had in the 50’s or 60’s, at least in the US (I’m in California). They were all different colors, like a white tomb with a red bed and a blue or white mummy that could jump out, about 2 inches long. I would like 20-30 of them, but would be thrilled with just one or 2. (I want to get them for my family as nostalgia for Xmas). Do you have any idea of where to get them? thanks a lot

If anyone has any information about where these are available could they email me so that I can let Mary know? andie @

Photo for Today by Anthony Marson

Restored Ptolemaic Temple of Hathor at Deir el-Medina
Copyright Anthony Marson

There's a photo-report on the temple by Simon Hayter at

Monday, November 23, 2009

News summary: Update from Luxor

Al Ahram Weekly (Nevine El-Aref)

A new entrance for Luxor Temple and the reopening of Howard Carter's dig house as a museum are the main events commemorating the 87th anniversary of the discovery of Tutankhamun's tomb, says Nevine El-Aref

Waset is the pattern of every city... Mankind came into being within it, to find every city in its true name."

These words uttered by an ancient Egyptian priest and recorded for posterity testify to the significance of Waset, the ancient name for Luxor. It means, literally, "the specter", and it houses what is today arguably the world's most amazing archaeological site.

Over the span of history its magical atmosphere has magnetised Egyptologists, historians and visitors and lured thousands of excavators to the Theban west bank. These erstwhile treasure hunters, later skilled archaeologists, tried to uncover the resting place of all those renowned Pharaohs and other royals who once ruled Egypt and helped establish the country's great ancient Egyptian civilisation.

To highlight Luxor's ancient history and new discoveries, and celebrate the anniversary of one of its greatest find, made on 4 November 1922, the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) opened a new entrance to Luxor Temple, reopened Howard Carter's rest house with a view to developing it into an open air museum, and held an archaeological forum to discuss Carter's discovery and subsequent research on the Valley of the Kings.

Restoration: Seti I temple

Luxor News Blog (Jane Akshar)

There is a very short post from Jane to say that she has been notified that the restoration team are returning to the temple of Seti I at Luxor.

My very best wishes to lovely Jane who is having a serious operation in Cairo at the moment. My thoughts are very much with her.

If you hear any news items about Luxor that might be of interest to Jane whilst she is off her feet she asks that you email her (address available on her blog).

Development: Luxor's Corniche

Al Ahram Weekly (Nevine El-Aref)

Luxor, the City of Palaces, counts among the world's greatest open-air museum. If offers awe-inspiring monuments alongside more homely pleasures, riding a horse-drawn caleche along the Corniche, sailing a felucca across the Nile and even taking to the air in a hot-air balloon.

Haphazard development, though, has unfortunately compromised some of Luxor's charms. In response, Luxor City Council launched a comprehensive development plan three years ago, one of the aims of which is to pedestrianise the Corniche.

The 10-month Corniche Development Project has been designed by Ain Shams University's Faculty of Engineering and is being implemented by the army. It is budgeted at LE250 million, LE150 million provided by the Tourism Development Fund and the remaining LE100 million in the form of a European grant.

Samir Farag, head of Luxor City Council, explains that the project will be executed in three stages. The first, already completed, aimed at sprucing up the city's backstreets, enlarging and re- paving them and installing new lighting in order to facilitate the flow of traffic from the Corniche. The latter, says Farag, is to be left for pedestrians "to enjoy walking peacefully within the gates of Egypt's ancient history and enjoy looking at the vast Nile". Temples on the East Bank, he told Al-Ahram Weekly, will eventually front directly on the river, as the ancient Egyptians intended.

Feature: How did Tutankhamun die?

With video (transcription available on Heritage Key).

Before the tomb of King Tutankhamun was found, Egyptologists knew very little about this short-reigned king. Since the discovery of KV 62 in 1922, King Tut has become the most famous pharaoh, and there has been much debate about why he died so young.

It is not only at excavation sites that amazing artefacts can be discovered, but the archives of previous digs as well as the artefacts already in museums can still surprise us. Or what about the basement of the Cairo museum? Watch the video.

Egyptologists previously thought that it was most likely that Tutankhamun was the brother of Akhenaton, and the son of Amenhotep III. Now much more is known about the Amarna Period and the lives of Akhenaton and Tutankhamun. Through studying the reliefs and historical texts, it seems very unlikely that he could be the son of Amenhotep III. Tutankahmun was born in Amarna, so we now believe his mother was probably Kiya, an Egyptian princess and wife of Akhenaton, who likely died when she was giving birth to Tutankhamun.

Recently we CT scanned the mummy of King Tut to examine his life and death in depth and determine how he died. We found that he died at the age of 19, and that he was not murdered, as people have long speculated.

Feature: Anubis and the Golden Hunting Hounds of Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt's Old Kingdom (Kate Phizackerley)

Kate has posted a special article by Brian Playfair which looks at the interpretation of Anubis as a jackal and offers an alternative suggestion. Here's a short extract from the introduction:

We all know the image of Anubis, we see it in every tomb but how many of these images are wrongly interpreted ? Listed as Anubis the jackal headed god but are we sure that is correct ?

In many Old and Middle Kingdom tombs at Saqqara and Beni Hassan especially those of Nobles, we see practically the same image in both hunting and domesticated form which cannot be a jackal. These are clearly hounds – canines of a very particular breed type depicted as hunters and companions. This middle-sized hound with prick ears and noble presence was the tjesm. Early settlers in the Nile valley in pre dynastic time showed prick eared canines hunting in their art and as the quality of art developed we see this hound in a clearer form, which is no trained or domesticated jackal.

The tjesm was such an important asset to the ancient Egyptian especially when he became a companion as well as a great hunter that it is inconceivable he was not represented as one of the major deities.

Resource: Rural Settlements of the Oxyrynchite Nome

What's New in Papyrology

The Trismegistos project is pleased to announce the fourth volume in its series Trismegistos Online Publications: Amin Benaissa, Rural Settlement of the Oxyrhynchite Nome. A Papyrological Survey, Köln / Leuven 2009, 417 pp. This is a comprehensive and up-to-date gazetteer of the villages and hamlets of the Oxyrhynchite nome. It provides first a critically compiled list of the papyrological attestations of each settlement. In addition, it presents in summary form the information recoverable from the papyri about individual villages, such as their relative location, topographical features, religious institutions, and the officials, occupations and important landowners associated with them. This publication will be a useful resource to papyrologists studying and editing Oxyrhynchite documents as well as to scholars interested in the topography and rural society of Graeco-Roman Egypt.

This is the first instalment in the TOP-series which does not simply present data from the Trismegistos database in a more stable way for easier reference, but which adds information not previously available, linking to the database. We have adapted our publication policy in this sense and are now offering Trismegistos Online Publications as a peer-reviewed series aiming to provide freely downloadable pdf-documents with scholarly tools based upon or providing links to the Trismegistos database. Further information can be found on, Trismegistos TOP where all volumes can be downloaded.

Resource: Hieroglyphs on your iPhone

Heritage Key (Ann Wuyts)

Jean-François Dumon and Alamanga have developed 'Aaou', an application for iPhone and iPodTouch which allows a quick translation of hieroglyphs. The iPhone app over 10,000 words or symbols to - depending on your iPhone settings - French or English. the translation in French / English of more than 10200 words and symbols and offers the possiblity of transliteration. 'Aaou' also allows you access through an index, to the uni/bi/triliterals as well as to an aide memory on the common hieroglyphs. The Aaou Hieroglyph Dictionary is priced at 4.99 euro and - of course - available via the iTunes app store.

For those of you who speak French, a short video presentation of the application can be found on Dumon's homepage.

Exhibition: Body Parts at the Brooklyn (Sarah Wolff)

Besides ensuring tourism and providing storylines for scores of feature films, the mystique of ancient Egypt also launched a specific sort of museum show that has become de rigueur for large institutions: the blockbuster. When the traveling exhibition Treasures of Tutankhamun came to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in 1979, it broke all the museum's previous attendance records and became famous enough to merit a spoof on Saturday Night Live.

Some of these treasures will return to New York City next April when the Discovery Times Square Exposition hosts Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs. The exhibit, which features 50 artifacts from Tut's tomb as well as 80 from other royal pharaohs, will undoubtedly draw major attendance. But blockbusters like these are also expensive to mount--an obvious problem in this scaled-back economy that has hit museums particularly hard.

Exhibition: The Secrets of Tomb 10A

Heritage Key (Helen Atkinson)

With three photos.

People were just as silly 4,000 thousand years ago as they are now, but they manifested it in different ways, of course, which is what makes it interesting. The Ancient Egyptians, for example, had a well-known obsession with how to get ahead in the afterlife, and the wealthier citizens and royalty poured a lot of money, time, and thought into the items that would go in the tomb with them.

Generally, museum exhibitions tend to concentrate on the flashier tomb accessories – golden death masks, jewels, and statues. But a new exhibition at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, goes down a different, somewhat more modest road. The Secrets of Tomb 10a (don’t look for the prequel Tombs 1-10!), which opened Oct. 18, is an unusually comprehensive staging of what was in the tomb of Djehutynakht, a local governor from central Egypt, and his wife, Lady Djehutynakht, who died sometime during the Middle Kingdom (2040 BC – 1640 BC), around 4,000 years ago, and were buried at the necropolis of Deir el-Bersha.

“It’s unlike any Egyptian exhibition I can think of because, for one thing, 90% of the material is from one tomb,” says Denise Doxey, Curator, Ancient Egyptian, Nubian, and Near Eastern Art at MFA Boston. “So instead of having isolated bits of nice artwork without a context, this is very much focused on context.”

Exhibition: AGO banks on King Tut to boost attendance Toronto

The AGO is banking on this exhibit to boost attendance which has been dwindling since it reopened last November after a year-long shut down due to a $276 million renovation.

Despite that renovation receiving critical acclaim and being designed by celebrity architect Frank Gehry, the gallery has seen only 700,000 people in the year since it opened, versus the usual one million annual visitors it used to get before the construction.

The gallery has struggled financially lately as well, and announced in March that it planned to lay off 100 employees, blaming the economy.

"What I can really hope is... that people will come, they'll be intrigued, they'll see out of the corner of their eye something else that grabs their attention and think to themselves 'I will come back,'" Matthew Teitelbaum, AGO director and CEO told CTV Toronto.

Exhibition: 100th Anniversary Celebration of Albany Mummies

Times Union (Paul Grondahl)

With photos.

The ancient Egyptian mummies, which alternately have fascinated and freaked out generations of school children and adults alike, will be feted Sunday on their 100th anniversary at the Albany Institute of History & Art.

Purchased in 1909 in Cairo by an Institute trustee and displayed at the Albany museum since then, the 3,000-year-old mummies have long been the most popular attractions among thousands of paintings and cultural objects on exhibit.

Of the 10,000 or visitors who come through the doors on Washington Avenue each year, most are drawn immediately to the third floor's ancient Egypt exhibit, where the very old bones are a timeless attraction for patrons of all ages.

"What we hear over and over from visitors is, 'I remember seeing the mummies as a kid,'" said Tammis Groft, deputy director for collections and exhibitions. "We've had people in their 80s come from across the country just to see the mummies they remembered as kids."

Egyptomania: Leeds Temple Mill

Yorkshire Evening Post

Nice to see that this building has been restored at long last. I've been posting odds and ends about the need for its restoration for a long time.

Temple Works, on Marshall Street, Holbeck, was built by John Marshall between 1836 and 1830 and was originally used as a flax mill.

The Grade-II listed building was based on the Temple of Edfu at Horus in Egypt, a design inspired by Marshall's interest in Egyptology.

But probably the building's most famous feature was the sheep which used to graze on the grass-covered roof.

The unusual farming method was used to retain humidity inside the mill, preventing the linen thread from becoming dried out and unmanageable.

The landmark was nominated by Aubrey Solomon, who said: "In the past years, it has been neglected – in fact, collapsing!

Although it was built by Marshall it was actually designed by Egyptologist and architect Joseph Bonomi Jnr.

There's a photo of the building, plus a description, on Wikipedia.

Travel: Rediscovering the aphrodisiac of ancient Egypt

Times Online (Howard Marks)

I always sigh when I post something about aphrodisiacs in Egypt because I know that I am going to be swamped with junk mail advertising all sorts of interesting products and services. I'm not even convinced that it's particularly worth posting - it is terribly self obsessed. Here's an extract anyway.

The Mr Nice author, hedonist and ex-drug smuggler seeks out and smokes the blue lilly near the Nile. . . .

A dead ringer for Colonel Gaddafi came up and shook our hands. “George, the sacred blue lily is once again growing in the Nile.”

Opening one of the many giant coffee-table books lying around Al Moudira’s complex of reading lounges and libraries, Ibrahim explained how the floral symbols of Upper and Lower Egypt were, respectively, the blue lily and the green papyrus. Coloured carvings of both flowers adorned the walls of tombs and temples, symbolising Egypt’s unity.

When the Romans conquered Egypt they introduced new breeds of fish into the Nile, which poisoned and wiped out the sacred blue lily. Ibrahim, after months of research and travelling, had returned from Eritrea, where the Nile has some of its beginnings, bringing with him a collection of precious sacred blue lilies. He had just successfully transplanted them into the Nile.

“In a few days you can try it, Howard. I hear you’re a master psychonaut.”

My time in Egypt was brief, and I felt the need to do some regular sightseeing and a crash course in Ancient Egyptian history, archaeology, culture and religion. A guide picked me up at 8 the following morning. Bahaa’s knowledge of all Egyptian matters would effortlessly fill a small library. We tore through temples and tombs to the accompaniment of his incessant recitation of fascinating facts.

“Howard, I must now take you to your quarters. I have wonderful news. The presidential suite on the Sun Boat III is available for your occupation.”

Delighted to discover that The Times still carried significant influence in Egypt, I climbed the gangway and shook the hand of the immaculately dressed Adel Fathy Abdel Hameed, in every way the model of a modern naval admiral. That night, white-gloved waiters brought the best food and wine while dervishes spun like tops and belly dancers seduced us to the borders of sleep.

Retirement: Susan J. Allen

Art Museum Journal (Stan Parchin)

Susan J. Allen, Associate Research Curator in the Department of Egyptian Art at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art, will retire on November 30, 2009 after more than 17 years of service.

Slightly off-topic: Archaeology Magazine reader likes and dislikes

Archaeology Magazine (Mark Rose)

Archeaology Magazine covers topics from all other the globe (including Egypt) and recently asked its readers for feedback about its content. A summary of some of the responses is quite fascinating. Here's a short extract:

There were calls for more coverage of different countries and regions, such as Canada, Eastern Europe, and Africa. We’ll tabulate those and compare the results to the world map in Eric Powell’s office. Eric, our deputy editor, tracks the geographic distribution of articles by hammering colored pins into his map using the plaster cast of a mammoth tooth—a primitive but effective method. Thanks for your help in spotting the holes in our coverage. We’ll try to address them.

A number of individuals called for more underwater stories, while the cheer “More Medieval!” was raised by some. We received detailed suggestions on the Caucuses and Hawaii. How archaeologists work—excavation procedures and scientific techniques—and bios of leading archaeologists were also mentioned.

There were objections to particular subjects. “I was disgusted by the ‘hippie’ dig. WHY did you do it at all?” “Pop occultism—much, much less. The world ends in 2012? Well, let’s hope the stories about it end first.” “More on discoveries and ongoing digs etc. Less of the legal fights over possession of stolen artifacts.”

Some people made general comments about the articles: “More depth in articles.” “Less ‘mysterious,’ more facts and explanations.” “Deeper explanation of implication of finds.” “More shorter articles. I would rather read ten 2-page articles than two 8-page articles.” Bumping up the illustrations—maps and diagrams—had several boosters. Criticisms included articles split up by ads and articles that start in the beginning of the magazine then “jump” to the back.

Photo for Today by Anthony Marson

Water Well, Deir el Medina

There is a lot more detail about Deir el Medina, including the water wells,
at the "Images of Deir el Medina" website by Lenka and Andy Peakcock
(the site is a member of the Egyptological network of the Russian Academy
of Sciences, Centre for Egyptological Studies, and the Russian Institute of
Egyptology in Cairo,

Copyright Anthony Marson, with my thanks

Friday, November 20, 2009

Field work: Cleopatra - still looking

Heritage News (Sean Williams)

With video interview (3 minutes 28 seconds) with Kathleen Martinez who explains the background to her involvement showing some great shots of Taposiris Magna and some of the artefacts found. She also explains her reasoning for thinking that there is a royal tomb at the site and the contribution of the research carried out at the site so far.

Almost two months in the project seemed doomed to failure. But just as things were coming to a close, Martinez' team hit gold. Tunnels were found, which would eventually reach a depth of 35m. They're still being cleaned today, after Dr Hawass granted Martinez another season to prove her claim. To date the team's biggest find has been a cemetery outside the temple, "which is the proof that in this area there is a royal tomb," Martinez says excitedly.

Martinez feels a sense of responsibility for finding Cleopatra, an ancient character long draped in romance and legend. "If there's a one per cent chance that the last queen of Egypt could be buried there, it is my duty to search for her." So far the team has unearthed a huge number of Greco-Roman artefacts, including coins with Cleopatra's head on them. Dr Hawass has already hailed the dig as a success, whatever its outcome: "If we discover the will be the most important discovery of the 21st century. If we do not discover the tomb...we made major discoveries here, inside the temple and outside the temple."

Dominican Today

There's nothing new in this somehwat less than coherent article, which confirms that although the search for Cleopatra is still on there's nothing more to say on the subject of the presence or absence of Cleopatra at the site.

Whereas Martinez, an attorney-turned-archaeologist who’s proud to proclaim that her work is part of a larger effort by a Dominican-Egyptian team, noted that she convinced the Supreme Council of Antiquities to let her look for Ptolemy’s Temple, near Alexandria, where she’s convinced she’ll come across one of Egypt’s most enduring secrets. “I know inside that I’m close to finding Cleopatra’s tomb.”

She said with Hawas’ support, she has found the largest mummy tomb uncovered so far and among the important sites found, she noted that of the Taposisirs Magna, or the temple of Osiris, and Isis, determined from the gathered evidence in Greek script, which she said reveal the link to Ptolemy.

News: Hammurabi Seal Discovered

With photo.
The Austrian Archaeological mission from the Austrian Archaeological Centre in Egypt unearthed a fragment of a cuneiform seal impression dating to the last decades of the Babylonian Kingdom.

Culture Minister Farouk Hosni made the announcement today, adding that the seal impression was found inside a pit that cuts into layers of the Late Period in Tel El-Daba, an archaeological site in the Sharqiya governorate, 120 km north-east Cairo.
Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), said that the seal impression bears the name of a top governmental official who lived during the old Babylonian era, during the reign of king Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC).
“This is the second cuneiform seal impression of this type to be found,” Hawass pointed out, adding that the first example was unearthed last year inside the well of the palace of the Hyksos king Khayan (1653-1614 BC).

Dr. Manfred Bietak, the head of the Austrian mission, said that both seal impressions are of great archaeological importance, as they are the oldest to be found in Egypt. They are dated to 150 years before the cuneiform correspondence found in the capital of Akhenaten at Tel El-Amarna. “They are evidence that the Hyksos had foreign relations and extensive connections in the Near East that at this time reached southern Mesopotamia,” concluded Bietak.

Dr. Irene Forstner Muller, director of the mission, said that excavations carried out by the mission at aTel El-Daba can be dated back to 2006 when they found a palace dating to the middle of the Hyksos reign (1664-1565 BC). Inside it they unearthed a number of seals of a well known Hyksos king. The mission also found an old house with several rooms and yards along with a collection of round containers, animal bones and glasses.

The remains of a 5th Dynasty edifice were also found for the first time in this area, which houses a number of rooms, halls and yards that may have been used for administrative purposes.

Egypt State Information Service

An Austrian archaeological mission discovered the remains of a seal made of burnt clay with inscriptions in cuneiform, said Culture Minister Farouq Hosni.

The remains of the seal, found by the mission of the Austrian Archaeological Institute in Cairo and the Egyptology Institute of the University of Vienna, were unearthed during excavation works in the archaeological area of Tal El-Daba'a in al-Sharqiya governorate, 120 kilometres northeast Cairo

Zahi Hawas, the Secretary-General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), said the seal, dating back to the Babylonian era, namely the ruling time of King Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC), is the second of its kind to be discovered by the Austrian mission.

“The first seal is similar to this one. It had been discovered inside the palace of King Khayan of the Hyksos (1653-1614 BC), dating back the late Babylonian era,” said Hawas in statements.

Manfred Bietak, the Chief of the Austrian archaeological mission in Egypt, said the two seals are of paramount importance, being the most ancient Babylonian ones found in Egypt as they date back to 150 years before the discovery of similar seals inside the ancient archaeological city of Tal al-Amarna.

Bietak noted that the two seals also indicate that the Hyksos, known as the shepherd kings and had been notorious Asiatic invaders, had trade relations with the Far East that stretched to Babylonia.

Hammurabi is the sixth King of Babylon from 1792 BC to 1750 BC. He became the first king of the Babylonian Empire following the abdication of his father, Sin-Muballit, extending Babylon's control over Mesopotamia by winning a series of wars against neighbouring kingdoms. Although his empire controlled all of Mesopotamia at the time of his death, his successors were unable to maintain his empire.

Hammurabi is known for the set of laws called Hammurabi's Code, one of the first written codes of law in recorded history.

These laws were written on a stone tablet standing over eight feet tall (2.4 meters) that was found in 1901. Owing to his reputation in modern times as an ancient law-giver, Hammurabi's portrait is in many government buildings throughout the world.

Site management: Giza (Zahi Hawass)

The site of Giza is one of the most visited sites in Egypt. Everyone who comes to Egypt visits the great pyramids that dominate the landscape here. In the past, the site was crowded, cars were everywhere and also people selling camel and horse rides and souvenirs. We decided to make improvements to the site to make it more enjoyable to visit.

In order to eliminate the automobile traffic in Giza and the damage it does to the site, a new road is being constructed around the outside of the site. Two new entrances to the site are being built, where the cars and tour buses will park outside, and visitors will take new electric cars up to the monuments. One new entrance, off the Fayum Road, will be used by tourists and private vehicles. We are building a visitor center there, where people can learn about the pyramids before entering the site. Another entrance will be used by students and school groups, which will have an education center aimed at young people. Here the schoolchildren can learn about the history of Giza and experience the history of the site before seeing the monuments in person.

Each visitor center will have parking spaces for vehicles, so that all vehicles but the electric cars will be kept outside the site. From the visitor centers, electric cars will take the new roads to the monuments, making the site more pedestrian friendly, and enhancing the visit, as there will no longer be cars and buses coming through the middle of the site.

Inside the perimeter of the new ring road, there will be no new buildings built, and all existing buildings will be removed, to make the view better and protect the monuments from building projects. Also, we will keep all of the camels and horses outside this ring. Anyone who wants to ride a camel or a horse at Giza will be able to do so outside the road, with a beautiful view of the pyramids in front of them, while everyone near the pyramids will not be bothered. In this way, everyone will be able to enjoy the site.

This project is part of the site management program I am establishing in Egypt. Our ancient monuments are an important part of the cultural heritage of the world, and I want to ensure that they are preserved for future generations.

Feature: The voice of Howard Carter

News from the Vally of the Kings (Kate Phizackerley)

Kate has posted a remarkable recording of Howard Carter talking about the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun, accompanied by still photos of the modern Valley of the Kings.

Feature: Working the quarries of Aswan

Heritage Key (Malcolm Jack)

Quarries, often ignored, were a crucial part of Egypt. It was from these sites that the precious raw materials and minerals used in the construction of decorative monuments such as sculptures and obelisks was hewn thousands of years ago. Among the most prolific were the Quarries of Aswan, which yielded the red granite of Cleopatra’s Needles and many of the quality stones used in the construction of burial chambers, sarcophagi and columns in the pyramids of Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure at Giza.

A testimony to the site’s importance is the Unfinished Obelisk – a massive monolith partly-carved from the bedrock then abandoned – which still stands there. It’s the largest known obelisk in ancient history.

Surprisingly, major archeological investigations have only taken place in the last 20 years at the Quarries of Aswan, which had become covered-over with rubbish dumps and modern developments. They’ve yielded many important discoveries that reveal much about the importance of the site, the lives of the workers who toiled there and the techniques they used (see the video below for details of underwater excavations at Aswan).

In the Lab: Results from mummy scans from Cairo Museum

Los Angeles Times (Thomas H. Maugh II)

With photos.

CT scans of Egyptian mummies, some as much as 3,500 years old, shows evidence of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, which is normally thought of as a disease caused by modern lifestyles, researchers said today. "Atherosclerosis is ubiquitous among modern-day humans and, despite differences in ancient and modern lifestyles, we found that it was rather common in ancient Egyptians of high socioeconomic status," said co-author Dr. Gregory Thomas, a cardiologist at UC Irvine. "The findings suggest that we may have to look beyond modern risk factors to fully understand the disease."

"Perhaps atherosclerosis is part of being human, as we are observing the footprint of the same disease process in people who lived thousands of years ago," added co-author Dr. Michael I. Miyamoto, a cardiologist at the UC San Diego School of Medicine."The possibility that humans throughout time might share the same predisposition to the development of certain afflictions was poignantly illustrated to us" by the study, presented at the American Heart Association meeting in Orlando.

The study was conceived by Thomas after he read the nameplate of Pharoah Merenptah in the Museum of Egyptian Antiquities in Cario. The nameplate says that, when he died at age 60 in 1203 BC, Merenptah was plagued by atherosclerosis, arthritis and dental decay. Because atherosclerosis is characterized by calcium in plaques, Thomas reasoned that some evidence of the disease might still be present even after so long. He organized a team of cardiologists and Egyptologists who scanned a series of 20 mummies in the Egyptian Museum during the week of Feb. 8, 2009. The scanning was performed on a Siemens machine permanently installed at the museum.

Also on
BBC News

Slideshow on

The abstract for the official report is available at:
The Journal of the American Medical Association

In the Lab: Albany mummies

Legislative Gazette

Modern technology and ongoing research have unraveled mysteries about the two "Albany Mummies" that have been on display since 1909 at the Albany Institute of History and Art. To celebrate this 100 year milestone, the institute will be holding an event on November 22 featuring a talk by an Egyptologist and activities for children.

Samuel W. Brown, a member of Albany Institutes' board of directors a century ago, bought the two mummies in Cairo, Egypt and donated them to the museum. The female mummy is believed to be from around 1069 to 945 B.C. and died somewhere between the ages 35 to 45 years old. The male mummy is believed to be from 525 to 332 B.C or 305 to 30 B.C., based on trends for those time periods, and he died between the ages 55 to 65.

A unique feature of the male mummy is that he is unwrapped from his torso up. In the past it was not uncommon for mummies to be unwrapped by looters, said Peter Lacovara, senior curator of Egyptian, Nubian and Near Eastern art at Emory University. The main reason for unwrapping mummies was looking for jewelry, although, there are no real deterioration concerns about the body of an unwrapped mummy.

"As long they're in a museum environment, with stable temperatures and humidity, they'll last pretty well," said Lacovara. "The linen wrappings are actually more fragile than the bodies."

When the mummies first arrived at the institute it was believed that both mummies belonged in the coffins they were in, but this turned out to not be true.

Conference Report: Racy poetry from the Amarna period

Heritage Key (Owen Jarus)

Short article about love and sex in Amarna poetry as presented by Vincent Tobin at the recent Toronto conference.

One of the most unusual presentations on Egyptology that I’ve seen in awhile took place at the Egypt symposium in Toronto recently. Professor Emeritus Vincent Tobin, of St. Mary’s University, has been translating and analyzing Late Egyptian love poems, and finds that they reveal a rather risqué side to Egyptian life.

“The Egyptians were well aware of the more salacious aspects of love,” said Tobin. “For the Egyptians sexuality is part of human nature.”

He read a number of examples to the audience, which offer a unique insight into the sex lives of the ancient Egyptians

Conference Report: Of dogs and men

Heritage Key (Owen Jarus)

Beverley Miles, a doctoral candidate at MacQuarie University in Australia, has been researching the relationship that dogs and humans had – during the time that the pyramids were built. She presented her results at an Egyptology symposium in Toronto a week ago - and they are not for those of a delicate disposition!

She’s found some pretty convincing evidence – in the form of three pieces of art – that dogs and humans shared a very close relationship.

How close?

Well, one artefact, pictured here, depicts a human male making mouth to muzzle contact with a dog. “These objects are highly unusual,” said Miles. “Such interactions are extraordinary in the light of the renowned conservatism of Ancient Egyptian society.”

Human to human contact is rare during this time, she explained, “much less between human and animal.”

So why are the humans getting so close to dogs?

Repatriation: Finders Keepers?

New York Times (John Tierney)

I rather like the picture of the Egyptian statue with suitcases.

Zahi Hawass regards the Rosetta Stone, like so much else, as stolen property languishing in exile. “We own that stone,” he told Al Jazeera, speaking as the secretary general of Egypt’s Supreme Council of Antiquities.

The British Museum does not agree — at least not yet. But never underestimate Dr. Hawass when it comes to this sort of custody dispute. He has prevailed so often in getting pieces returned to what he calls their “motherland” that museum curators are scrambling to appease him.

Last month, after Dr. Hawass suspended the Louvre’s excavation in Egypt, the museum promptly returned the ancient fresco fragments he sought. Then the Metropolitan Museum of Art made a pre-emptive display of its “appreciation” and “deep respect” by buying a piece of a shrine from a private collector so that it could be donated to Egypt.

Now an official from the Neues Museum in Berlin is headed to Egypt to discuss Dr. Hawass’s demand for its star attraction, a bust of Nefertiti.

These gestures may make immediate pragmatic sense for museum curators worried about getting excavation permits and avoiding legal problems. But is this trend ultimately good for archaeology?

Scientists and curators have generally supported the laws passed in recent decades giving countries ownership of ancient “cultural property” discovered within their borders. But these laws rest on a couple of highly debatable assumptions: that artifacts should remain in whatever country they were found, and that the best way to protect archaeological sites is to restrict the international trade in antiquities.

In some cases, it makes aesthetic or archaeological sense to keep artifacts grouped together where they were found, but it can also be risky to leave everything in one place, particularly if the country is in turmoil or can’t afford to excavate or guard all its treasures. After the Metropolitan Museum was pressured to hand over a collection called the Lydian Hoard, one of the most valuable pieces was stolen several years ago from its new home in Turkey.

Restricting the export of artifacts hasn’t ended their theft and looting any more than the war on drugs has ended narcotics smuggling. Instead, the restrictions promote the black market and discourage the kind of open research that would benefit everyone except criminals.

Legitimate dealers, museums and private collectors have a financial incentive to pay for expert excavation and analysis of artifacts, because that kind of documentation makes the objects more valuable. A nation could maintain a public registry of discoveries and require collectors to give scholars access to the artifacts, but that can be accomplished without making everything the property of the national government.

The timing of Dr. Hawass’s current offensive, as my colleague Michael Kimmelman reported, makes it look like retribution against the Westerners who helped prevent an Egyptian from becoming the leader of Unesco, the United Nation’s cultural agency. But whatever the particular motivation, there is no doubt that the cultural-property laws have turned archeological discoveries into political weapons.

See the above page for the full story.